programming languages for robotics

7 Best Programming Languages For Robotics in 2023

Are you searching for the best programming languages for robotics? If yes, then your search ends here with the best robotics programming languages in 2023

Robotics is one of the most popular subjects in the world. It brings science and engineering disciplines together. It works with machine learning and artificial intelligence, along with some sorts of engineering modules. Nowadays, robotics is taken to the next level.

But if we talk about the basics of robotics, then it includes sensors, power supplies, control systems, manipulators, and software. Robotics is evolving at a rapid pace and it requires input from various kinds of disciplines, such as software engineering, mechanical engineering, and robot programming.

Although everything has a path to pursue, when it comes to choosing a programming language for robotics, it turns into a nightmare. In this blog, we are going to have a quick look at the top eight programming languages for robotics. These programming languages will help you grow your career in the robotics industry.

Most students think that programming languages for robotics are not the same as other programming languages. But it is not right. Like all other programming languages, robotic programming languages are among the common programming languages.

The most popular programming languages for robotics are C, C++, Python, Java, C#, and lots more. You can use the combination of these programming languages to perform better in robotics. So stay with this blog and you will find the best programming languages for robotics across the world.

The 7 Best Programming Languages for Robotics

1. C/C++

These are the best programming languages for robotics. We can also say that these are the main programming languages for robotics. Without them, it is nearly impossible to build a robotics system. These are the machine-level programming languages; therefore, they work on each component level of a robotic system. These programming languages offer a variety of tools, libraries, and functions that are used for seamless functionality in robotics.

A large number of robotics engineers are using these programming languages to program robots efficiently. These programming languages also offer high performance because of high-speed compilation. You should start learning these programming languages if you want to build a career in robotics.

If you have limited memory on your robotics device, then you should go with C programming. On the other hand, if there is no issue with memory, then you should go with C++. One of the best advantages of using the C++ language is that it controls the operating system’s API directly.

2. Python

Python doesn’t require any introduction at all. It is among the best programming languages for robotics. It is a general-purpose programming language with simple syntax, excellent documentation, and a large community of users.That is why most programmers are most likely to use Python as their primary programming language.

It takes less time to code in Python as compared with other programming languages. Thus, you can save lots of time by building more logic in Python programming. Also, Python offers simple syntax, but it is still one of the most complex programming languages when it comes to a sophisticated project. Because of this, it becomes quite hard to spot the errors.

Apart from that, it is an interpreted programming language that is quite slow as compared with other programming. But still, Python offers extensive features that can be really helpful in robotics programming. Python is used in some basic robotics equipment, such as the Raspberry Pi and Arduino.

It offers a large number of libraries and packages that help a lot in order to do automation and perform repetitive tasks in programming. You should learn Python for robotics to perform advanced functions.

3. Java

Java is considered one of the must-have programming languages for robotics by most universities across the globe. Java is one of the most powerful programming languages that is used to create high-end features for robotics programming. Java has extended its capabilities and offers lots of libraries and functions that are quite useful in robotics.

It offers Java Virtual Machine and Just in Time interpreters that are quite handy for interpreting the code during the runtime of the code. Therefore, it becomes quite fast and reliable to code for robotics in Java. Likewise, Python has lots of capabilities and extended features that are quite helpful in robotics and for performing human-like complex tasks.

The best part about Java is that you can code for sophisticated tasks in Java without any complexity. Java also offers plenty of APIs, i.e., it is quite easy to integrate into robotics and give it some add-on features on the go, such as the speech API.

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4 Microsoft C#

It is one of the most underrated programming languages for robotics. Most of the developers have overseen C# because they don’t consider it a useful language. But in reality, C# has lots of capabilities. The best part about C# is that it was developed by Microsoft itself as the successor to C++.

It means that it has all the features of C++ along with some add-on features. Other than that, it is developed by Microsoft, so you can rely on this programming language for development. C# is a high-end programming language. It is used to develop hybrid applications and high-end software.

It also helps the students to start learning robotics with ease. because it offers a solid foundation to branch out into different areas such as robotics, desktop app development and lots more. Due to its variety and high-end features, it is one of the preferred choices for robotics.

It is considered a port and socket level programming language. Therefore, it is used to build neural network systems with ease and offer superior libraries for robotics. Microsoft has also taken a step further in robotics by developing a Visual Programming language for the Microsoft Robotics Studio.


Matlab is one of the best programming languages for robotics. It is used for technical computing and statistical computation. It has the capability to integrate many things together, such as programming, visualization, and computation.

It is served in an easy-to-use environment where the developers can express problems in familiar mathematical notations. Matlab offers an easy-to-use interface, which is why it is quite popular among beginner developers. It is one of the most powerful languages for analyzing information and building control systems.

It has built-in features for modeling and simulation. Matlab also eliminates implementation errors by allowing developers to identify problems. With this, the developers can identify the errors in the prototype stage instead of the development phase.

6. Lisp 

One of the earliest programming languages for robotics. It was originally developed for applied mathematical notation implemented in computer programs. But it has extended its capabilities and can be used in many critical sections of robotics. There are lots of operating systems for robotics that also use Lisp as one of the major programming languages.

It has also become one of the crucial languages for artificial intelligence and machine learning. Apart from that, it is quite handy for automatic data storage management, dynamic typing, data structures and lots more. All these functions are quite useful for robotics and offer seamless performance in robotics.

7. Hardware description languages (HDLs)

Hardware description languages are one of the best programming languages in the world. These programming languages are used to program electronic and digital logic circuits. These programming languages are extremely useful for anyone.

These are also the preferred choices to deliver the best performance in the robotics industry. Hardware description languages are used to specify the gates and chips. These are the best programming languages for hardware simulation.

As the name suggests, these programming languages work at the hardware level and allow the development of real-time imaging hardware. To use these programming languages, you need to have excellent knowledge of electronics and operating systems that are concurrent processor based.

Wrap Up

These are the top 7 best programming languages for robotics that you should learn in 2023. But keep in mind that you should learn a couple of these programming languages and also master some programming languages to perform quite well in the world of robotics.

Therefore, start learning these programming languages. If you think that we have missed any of the programming languages, then please comment down below.

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