In today’s world, programming languages play an important in powering the software and applications that we use on a daily basis.
It is a very important tool for building and maintaining modern software systems from web development and mobile apps to AI (Artificial Intelligence) and machine learning.
In these languages, python and swift are the most debatable topic among students because both languages are one of the most popular languages.
That’s why many students search on the internet for “difference between Python vs Swift” if you are one of them, then don’t worry!
I have provided the top difference between both languages which are valuable information for you. And this information also helps you to choose the best language which is suitable for in future.
So, let’s get started!
What Is Python?
Table of Contents
Python was first introduced in the late 1990s and has since proven to be one of the most popular programming languages. Following a lengthy testing process, Python 3.0 was published towards the end of 2008. Compared to prior versions, this is a significant improvement, and it is quite enticing to developers.
This language was used to create automation scripts and prototype apps when it was first published. However, it became more valuable for a variety of reasons, ranging from machine learning to data science to back-end development.
Features of python
Python is a high-level, interpreted programming language which is widely used for many applications, such as data analysis, web development, scientific computing, artificial intelligence, and more. Some of the main features of python are listed below:
- Simple and Easy to Learn
- Cross-platform Compatibility
- Object-oriented Programming
- Large Standard Library
- Dynamic Typing
- Third-party Libraries
What Is Swift?
Swift is a new programming language introduced by Apple in 2014. It became open-source in 2015, which contributed to its increasing popularity. In 2017, this programming language exploded in popularity, ranking among the top 11 programming languages.
Features of swift
Swift is a open-source programming language which is developed by Apply for building, watchOS, macOS, iOS, and tvOS platforms. Some of the main features of swift are listed below:
- Fast and Safe
- Modern Syntax
- Functional Programming
Python Vs Swift: Companies Which Use
Python Vs Swift: In Tabular Form
There are so many differences between Python vs Swift and some of them are shown below:
|Python is a popular, object-oriented and general-purpose programming language.||Swift is a strong, compiled programming language with a wide range of applications.|
|Guido Van Rossum created the Python programming language in 1991, and the Python software foundation has since expanded it.||The Swift programming language was created by Chris Lattner and his colleagues in 2010 and is now maintained by Apple Inc.|
|Python developers are in more demand than Swift developers.||Swift developers are in lower demand than Python developers.|
|When compared to Swift Language, it is slower.||When compared to Python, it is quicker.|
|Python is mostly used for back-end programming.||Swift is largely used in the Apple environment to create applications.|
|On February 20, 1991, it was initially released.||On June 2, 2014, it was originally released.|
|Python is used by a number of well-known firms, including Google, Netflix, Dropbox, and Facebook.||Uber Technologies, Slack, Robinhood, Delivery Hero SE, Lyft, and other well-known startups employ the Swift programming language.|
|The integrated tools include Django, Pycharm, Sentry, CircleCL, Flask, Datadog, and more.||The integrated tools include Airbrake, Imgix, Sonatype Nexus, Cocoa Touch(iOS), and others.|
Python Vs Swift: Advantages & Disadvantages
Advantages Of Python
There are so many Python advantages and some of them which are important ones are the following which are shown below:
Easy: The key advantages of learning Python are its code simplicity and readability. It is not a verbose language, but it has a similar appearance to English. As a result, it is simple to read and utilise. Furthermore, this language is an excellent choice for programmers who are new to the field. Style guide PEP8 instructs programmers on how to structure code so that it can be easily understood by other Python programmers of varying skill levels.
Multi-paradigm: It’s a procedural and object-oriented language. The procedural paradigm provides code reuse, but the object-oriented technique allows for numerous inheritances and encapsulates data and functions into a single entity.
Open-source: Python’s source code is open-source, which means you may download and modify it. This fact contributed to forming a robust community that is still growing.
Integration with other languages: It’s a language that can be readily integrated into C, C++, and Java programs since it’s extendable and embeddable.
Portable: It is cross-platform compatible, so you won’t have to alter the code if you want your project to be supported on another platform.
A plethora of libraries: Python has a large community that has generated tens of thousands of libraries and frameworks for a variety of uses, from web development to machine learning. The standard library already offers a wide range of options to programmers. NumPy, Pandas, Plotly, Pipenv, and more libraries are available as well. Django, Flask, CherryPy, and PyTorch are some of the most well-known frameworks.
Disadvantages Of Python
To make an informed choice, you need to be aware of both the advantages and disadvantages of the Python programming language. So let’s discussed about some of its disadvantages:
Mobile development: Python is not an excellent choice if you want to work as a mobile developer. However, if you’re up for a challenge, you may consider Kivy, a cross-platform Python framework for building mobile apps.
Design restrictions: Python has several design constraints. Python automatically discovers the type of variable since it is a dynamically typed language with duck typing. It makes mistakes sometimes. Yes, you don’t need to specify a variable’s type when defining it, although doing so might lead to runtime issues.
Memory consumption: This language is not suitable for heavy memory tasks because of its high memory usage.
Advantages Of Swift
There are so many Swift advantages and some of them which are important ones are the following which are shown below:
Easy: Swift has a basic syntax that makes it simple to understand and create code in this programming language. Developers that are familiar with other languages will find Swift quite easy to understand. This is important to remember while designing an app for several platforms.
Safe: Swift’s safety is another good attribute. Because it is a statically typed language, programmers may easily identify and solve issues before compilation. Furthermore, by implementing nil pointer safety enhancements, developers may eliminate compile problems caused by null references.
Memory Management: Automatic Reference Counting (ARC) tracks and controls an application’s memory use on its own. There’s no need for developers to waste time doing it manually. Therefore, they reduce the time it takes to complete construction applications.
Open-source: Swift was released as an open-source project towards the end of 2015. Swift’s fame soared as a result of this occurrence. In 2015, Swift was the most popular language on Github, and it was ranked second in 2016.
Potential: Apple took a step toward making its brainchild cross-platform by releasing the language open source. It’s now also available for Linux. Apple also claimed that it plans to release it for Windows users. IBM, the tech behemoth, also contributed significantly to the development of this language. The Swift Sandbox was introduced and taken to the cloud by the firm. This allows server-side Swift to work with a wide range of backend technologies.
Interoperable: It’s possible to build applications in Swift, C, Objective-C, and C++ at the same time, thanks to the integration with the Objective-C Runtime Library (RTL).
Disadvantages Of Swift
Let’s discussed about some disadvantages of Swift:
Limited talent pool: There is a scarcity of skilled Swift developers while Swift is still in its early stages. However, for individuals who wish to work as Swift developers, this disadvantage may easily be turned into an advantage: demand for Swift coders is growing, and competition is still low.
Few native libraries: Even yet, there aren’t many native Swift utilities that will operate across many versions. The majority of libraries and frameworks are designed for older versions but are ineffective with newer versions.
Instability: Many developers have raised the same issue. Swift is prone to instability due to modifications made in later versions. This implies that if developers wish to update their project to the most recent version of this language, they will have to rewrite the code. This difficulty was partially alleviated with the introduction of the Swift Migration Tool for XCode, which simplifies the transition from version three to version four.
Which Language Is Easy To Learn Python Or Swift?
Many students who are pursuing the programming course find python easier to learn than swift. Because it has a simple and more intuitive syntax which makes python easy to read and write.
It is also a general-purpose programming language that can be used for many applications from web development to data analysis and machine learning.
But if I talk about Swift it was designed specifically for macOS and iOS development, and it has a steeper learning curve for those who are new to programming or who are not familiar with Apple’s ecosystem.
But if you want to build applications for Apple’s platforms then I suggest you choose the Swift language due to its built-in features and performance optimizations.
Conclusion: Python vs Swift
In this blog, we have discussed Python vs Swift. And, for the students to understand the essential differences between the terms Python vs Swift is very helpful. But if in any case, you need assistance regarding Python Homework Help or Python Programming Help then feel free to contact us. We are always available to help you.
FAQs Related To Python vs Swift
Which is better Swift or Python?
Swift and python performance differ; Swift tends to be speedier than python. When picking a programming language to learn, a developer should think about the employment market and compensation. After weighing all of this, you may decide on the best programming language.
Can Swift replace Python?
The Swift programming language has a number of characteristics that make it an excellent Python replacement: It has a comparable syntax, is compiled (and hence runs quickly), has a type system, and interoperates easily with existing C and Python libraries.