In Scientific Publications, A Reference To A Previous Work (Source) That Is Discussed In The Manuscript Is Called A Citation.
Question 3 – Citation Style Manager
In scientific publications, a reference to a
previous work (source) that is discussed in the manuscript is called a
citation. In different scientific disciplines, and sometimes even different
journals, different so-called citation styles are used. The citation style
defines how a citation is formatted. We will consider two different citation
styles in this question:
·APA style: citation style of the American Psychological
Association (https://www.mendeley.com/guides/apa-citation-guide), see also
Wikipedia page (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/APA_style). This style is widely
used in Psychology and Social Sciences.
·IEEE: citation style of the Institute for Electrical and
Electronics Engineers (IEEE) is used in IEEE journals which cover engineering
and related disciplines (https://pitt.libguides.com/citationhelp/ieee). See the
Learning Materials/Coursework folder on Learning Central for more information
on the IEEE style.
There are two main aspects to a publication
where citation styles apply:
1. In-text citations: These are used in
the text body whenever one refers to, summarises, paraphrases, or quotes from
another source. This is an example from Wikipedia
(https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/APA_style) for a sentence including an in-text
citation of a paper by Schmidt and Oh in APA format:
our postfactual era, many members of the public fear that the findings of
science are not real (Schmidt &
In IEEE format, references are given as numbers
in square brackets. Example:
is compounded by the fact that the field is evolving from work performed by an individual that does data science to a
team that does data science .
2. Reference list: In a scientific
publication, the last section is typically the References section, which
provides full details on the in-text citations. For instance, the full
reference corresponding to the Schmidt & Oh (2016) in-text citation above
F. L., & Oh, I.-S. (2016). The crisis of confidence in research findings in psychology: Is lack of replication the real problem? Or is
it something else? Archives of Scientific Psychology, 4(1), 32–37. https://doi.org/10.1037/arc0000029
In an article using IEEE format, every
reference in the reference list needs to be numbered:
J. Saltz, "The Need for New Processes Methodologies and Tools to Support Big Data Teams and Improve Big Data Project Effectiveness",
Big Data Conference, 2015.