Prepare the necessary journal entries to record the following transactions relating to the long-term issuance of bonds by Glendale Corp. Show calculations and round to the nearest dollar.

accounting

Description

Question # 1 (6 marks)

 

You have been hired by Yew Corp. to advise them on how to reflect the events below in their financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2017 under ASPE.

 

Event 1: The Division A employees union has been negotiating a new contract with Yew Corp. The union is requesting a 5% wage increase retroactive for two years. Yew’s management has offered the union a 2% wage increase retroactive for one year. While the negotiations are still ongoing, the company believes that an agreement will soon be reached for a 4% wage increase retroactive for one year, but there is no guarantee that this will be the outcome of the negotiations.

 

Event 2: The Division B employees union is also negotiating a new contract with Yew Corp. However, these negotiations are proving to be very tough. So far there has not been much progress and management is pessimistic about a quick resolution. The company is concerned that during 2018 the Division B employees will decide to go on strike; in fact, Yew considers it very likely. At this point it is difficult to assess the economic consequences of the potential strike.

 

Event 3: Toward the end of 2017, a fire destroyed one of Yew’s plants. The damage is estimated to be $8,000,000 and the company’s insurance policy has maximum coverage of $15,000,000 for this. The deductible on the policy is $300,000. The company is concerned that the insurance premium ($200,000 in 2017) will double in 2018.

 

Instructions

For each of the above events, state the accounting treatment you believe is most appropriate. Be specific, and give your rationale.

 


 

Question # 2 (12 marks)

Prepare the necessary journal entries to record the following transactions relating to the long-term issuance of bonds by Glendale Corp. Show calculations and round to the nearest dollar.

 

March 1

Issued $200,000 (face value) 8% bonds for $218,040, including accrued interest. Interest is payable semi-annually on December 1 and June 1 with the bonds maturing 10 years from the previous December 1. The bonds are callable at 102.

 

June 1

Paid semi-annual interest on the bonds. Use straight-line amortization for any premium or discount.

 

December 1

Paid semi-annual interest on the bonds, and then purchased $100,000 face value bonds at the call price in accordance with the provisions of the bond indenture.

 

 


 

 

Question # 3 (14 marks)

 

In each of the following independent cases, it is assumed that the corporation has outstanding 20,000, $0.80, preferred shares, with a carrying value of $200,000, and 80,000 common shares, with a carrying value of $800,000. Although dividends have been paid regularly up to 2011, no dividends were declared in 2012 or 2016.

1.    At December 31, 2017, the board of directors wants to distribute $125,000 in dividends. How much will the preferred shareholders receive if their shares are cumulative and non-participating?

2.    At December 31, 2017, the board of directors wants to distribute $200,000 in dividends. How much will the preferred shareholders receive if their shares are cumulative and participating up to 15% in total?

3.    On December 31, 2017, the preferred shareholders received an $80,000 dividend on their shares, which are cumulative and fully participating. How much money was distributed in total for dividends?

 

 


 

Question # 4 (13 marks)

 

For each of the unrelated situations described below, prepare the entries required to record the transactions.

 

1.    On August 1, 2017, Alpha Corporation called its 10% convertible bonds for conversion. The $4,000,000 par value bonds were converted into 160,000 no par common shares. On August 1, there was $350,000 of unamortized premium applicable to the bonds. At the time of issuance, Contributed Surplus—Conversion Rights was credited for $150,000, which represented the equity portion of the convertible bonds, and the market value of the common shares was $20 per share. The company records the conversion using the book value method. Ignore all interest payments.

2.    Beta Inc. issues 10% convertible bonds, par $1,000,000, at 97. The investment banker indicates that if the bonds had not been convertible they would have sold at 94. Use the residual method.

3.    Gamma Ltd. issues $2,000,000 par value, 8% bonds. To help the sale, detachable stock warrants are issued at the rate of ten warrants for each $1,000 bond sold. It is estimated that the value of the bonds without the warrants is $1,974,000 and the value of the warrants is $126,000. The bonds with the warrants sold at 101. Use the residual method.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Question # 5 (10 marks)

Barker Inc. reported net income (30% tax rate) of $1,600,000 for calendar 2017 and an average of 500,000 common shares outstanding during the year.

 

Barker issued $2,000,000 par value, 10-year, 9% convertible bonds on January 1, 2015 at a $18,000 discount. The bonds are convertible into 60,000 common shares.

 

Barker uses the straight-line method for amortizing the bond discount.

 

Instructions

Calculate basic and diluted earnings per share for 2017.

 


 

Question # 6  (10 marks)

 

In the blank to the left of each statement, fill in the letter from the following list which best describes the treatment of the item on the financial statements of Sora Inc. for the current year ending December 31, 2017:

a) Change in accounting policy requiring retrospective application

b) Change in estimate

c) Correction of error

d) None of the above

 

____     1.     In 2017, the company changed its method of recognizing income from the completed-contract method to the percentage-of-completion method.

____     2.     At the end of 2017, an audit revealed that the corporation's allowance for doubtful accounts was too large and should be reduced to 2%. When the audit was performed in 2016, the allowance seemed appropriate.

____     3.     Depreciation on a truck, acquired in 2013, was understated because the service life had been overestimated. The understatement had been made in order to show higher net income in 2014 and 2015.

____     4.     The company switched from average cost to FIFO inventory costing during the current year.

____     5.     In 2017, Sora introduced a new pension plan for its employees, which included past service costs of $50,000. It decided to recognize the $50,000 as part of its 2017 pension expense.

____     6.     During 2017, a long-term bond with a carrying value of $3,600,000 was retired at a cost of $4,100,000.

____     7.     After negotiations with Canada Revenue Agency, income taxes owing for 2016 were established at $42,900. They were originally estimated to be $28,600.

____     8.     In 2017, the company incurred interest expense of $29,000 on a 20-year bond issue.

____     9.     In calculating the depreciation in 2015 for buildings, an error was made which overstated income in that year by $75,000. The error was discovered in 2017.

____   10.     In 2017, the company changed its method of depreciating plant assets from the double declining-balance method to the straight-line method.

 


 

Question # 7 (6 marks)

 

On January 1, Lexy Corp. leases a truck they have manufactured to Roxy Corp. Lexy has calculated the lease payments to Roxy to be $40,000 per year for 4 years and the sales price of the truck is $130,000. It cost Lexy $100,000 to manufacture the truck. Record the journal entries to set up the lease on January 1 on Lexy’s books.

 

 

 


 

Question # 8 (16 marks)

 

 

BIRCH CORPORATION

Comparative Statements of Financial Position

December 31

                                                                                                              2017                         2016

       Cash.................................................................................... $     43,000               $     24,000

       Accounts receivable, net........................................................ 31,000                      38,000

       Inventory................................................................................ 118,000                      82,000

       Land........................................................................................ 120,000                    190,000

       Building.................................................................................. 200,000                    200,000

       Accumulated depreciation................................................. (50,000)                    (40,000)

       Equipment.......................................................................... 1,030,000                    600,000

       Accumulated depreciation.............................................. (118,000)                    (94,000)

                                                                                                    $1,374,000               $1,000,000

 

       Accounts payable............................................................. $   115,000               $   100,000

       4% Bonds payable................................................................. 320,000                             -0-

       Common shares..................................................................... 750,000                    750,000

       Retained earnings..............................................................    189,000                    150,000

                                                                                                    $1,374,000               $1,000,000

Additional data:

1.    Net income for the year was $84,000.

2.    Cash dividends were paid.

3.    Land was sold for $80,000.

4.    Old equipment was sold for $70,000. This equipment had cost $150,000 and had accumulated depreciation of $60,000 to date of sale. New equipment was purchased to replace it.

 

Instructions

Prepare a statement of cash flows for calendar 2017, using the indirect method.

 



Instruction Files

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