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Python vs Javascript Which is Better for your Future?

Nowadays, computer science students are getting into trouble to choose the best among the best programming language to learn. Python vs JavaScript is one of the most popular programming languages to choose from. Both are highly interactive programming language.

Most of the students are still not able to differentiate between Python vs Java. But you should keep in mind that both languages have a different scope. Both of these languages have lots of career options like Python developers and JavaScript developers.

Before we dig into the comparison between Python vs JavaScript, let’s have a look at the overview of these programming languages. 

What is Python?

Python is the most robust programming language of the 21st century so far. Besides, it is getting more popular with every passing year. It is the high-level interactive programming language. It offers dynamic semantics that are quite easy to read and implement. Python also has some features of the scripting languages.

Therefore it is widely used to create web applications. In terms of a dynamic language, no one can beat Python because it supports various paradigms, likewise procedural programming, object-oriented programming, functional programming, and imperative programming.

To perform different kinds of programming in Python, it offers you built-in packages and modules. Therefore you can build simple and most complex programming in Python without any hassle.

What is Java-Script?

JavaScript is also one of the most popular high-level interactive programming languages in the world. The main objective of JavaScript to provide dynamic functionality on web browsers. It offers the best support for standard applications with the help of text, dates, and regular expressions. JavaScript plays a crucial role in creating dynamic web pages.

It has the support for functional programming and imperative programming paradigms. Without the help of JavaScript, it is quite impossible to use the dynamic functionality in the web pages. In the first use of JavaScript, most of the programmers used it for designing the front end.

But nowadays, it is playing a crucial role in the backend of the webpages. It is also used as the full stack development programming language. Therefore JavaScript is not limited to the webpages. You can also create a desktop application with JavaScript. 

Python vs Javascript for beginners

Python is quite easy to learn as compared with JavaScript. It is one of the simples to code programming languages in the world. Python offers online documentation and community support for the programmers. Thus the programmers can learn Python quickly.

Apart from that, Python syntax is similar to plain English. Therefore you do not need to learn the complex syntax to code on Python. You can run Python code in the command interpreter in windows.

On the other hand, JavaScript is quite complicated as compared with Python. It has predefined syntaxes, which are hard to remember for the newbies. Apart from that, a small mistake in JavaScript will not run your script on your web browser.

You need to make your logic more robust if you are going to learn JavaScript. You can’t find any official resources to learn JavaScript. The best part of JavaScript code is, you can run it on any browser. You need not have an additional IDE to run JavaScript code.

Arrays, Lists, and Tuples

When it comes to array support, Python provides the workaround support for implementing the arrays. On the other hand, JavaScript has the best support for arrays in the form of inbuilt data types. Both Python and Java are offering excellent support for the list. Apart from that, Python and Java are also providing support for both mutable and immutable tuples. 

Code Blocks

Python is one of the simplest programming languages, and it uses the indentation for defining the code blocks. On the other hand, JavaScript uses the curly brackets for determining the code blocks. In Python, we use the newline as the statement terminator. On the other hand, JavaScript uses the semicolon(;) to terminate the statement. 

Function Arguments

Python has great support for exception handling. Suppose that you run a program with lots of functions and different parameters. Then one of your functions is called by the invalid parameters. In this case, the Python will raise an exception for this error and show it to you. Python also has some additional parameters for this. 

On the other hand, exception handling functionality is not available in JavaScript. It means that if the invalid parameters call your function, then JS will automatically be considered the ‘undefined’ value rather than the exception of that error. If your program has lots more additional arguments, then these kinds of arguments are known as special arguments in JavaScript. 

Hash Tables

Python provides the unique feature which is known as a hashtable. It gives a slight edge to Python over JavaScript. The hash table is a combination of directories and sets. On the other hand, there is nothing like a hash table in JavaScript. 

Inheritance

Inheritance is one of the crucial factors of object-oriented programming languages. Therefore both Python and JavaScript support inheritance. But there is still a difference between the use of inheritance in Python and JavaScript. Python uses the class-based inheritance model. On the other hand JavaScript use prototype-based inheritance model.

Python vs Javascript machine learning

Python is best for machine learning. It is the most powerful programming language that can be integrated with other programming languages. Besides, Python comes with multiple modules. Most of the programming experts called it a ‘batteries-included programming languages.

Python offers numerous libraries that help the programmers a lot in machine learning. Moreover, it is compatible with the latest programming language. That makes it the best programming language for machine learning as compared with JavaScript. 

On the other hand, JavaScript isn’t designed for machine learning. Although it offers a limited number of modules, such as JSON and date. Therefore it is not compatible with machine learning algorithms. 

Python vs javascript web development

Python is not directly beneficial for web development. Django is one of the most popular Python frameworks for web development. With the help of Django, you can easily do backend coding. 

On the other hand, JavaScript is a scripting language. It is specially designed for web development tasks. You can perform plenty of backend tasks of web development with the help of JavaScript.

Python vs JavaScript Performance

When we compare the performance of both of these programming languages. Then JavaScript is quite faster than Python. It is observed that the software runs on Python programming are quite slower than other software. This software takes a longer time to respond. If you want fast performance, then you should use JavaScript. 

Scalability

Scalability is one of the crucial factors for programming languages. It is also a crucial aspect of this comparison. It means that the software or websites designed by the programming language can handle a huge number of users. And also manage a large amount of data without putting the extra load on the server. In terms of scalability, JavaScript is the clear winner. JavaScript is designed for scalability and asynchronous programming.

Numeric Types

Python offers almost every type of data type, i.e., int, float, char, and so on. On the other hand, JavaScript uses only floating-point variables. 

Python vs Javascript jobs

Python and Javascript are both offering ample job opportunities to the programmers. Here are the few job opportunities for both Python and JavaScript programmers. 

Python Jobs

  • Python Developer
  • Product Manager
  • Data Analyst
  • Educator
  • Financial Advisors
  • Data Journalist

JavaScript Jobs

  • Front End Web Developer
  • Web Application Developer
  • JavaScript Developer
  • UX Designer
  • Full-Stack Developer
  • UI Designer

Python vs JavaScript Salary 

The entry-level python developer earns up to $78k per annum. The junior Python developer earns $89k per annum. The mid-level Python developer earns $111k per annum, and the senior python developer earns up to $122k per annum. 

On the other hand, junior JavaScript developer earns up to $60k per annum. And the senior JavaScript developer can earn up to $113k per annum. Note that in this comparison, we have discussed the average salary of both the Python and JavaScript developers. But we have to keep in mind that both of these programming languages offer ample job professions. Thus the salary may vary from profession to profession. 

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Conclusion

It is the end of our blog, what we have learned so far? Is it Python better than JavaScript or vice versa? In this blog, we have not talked about the importance of both Python and JavaScript in the field of data science. We know that Python is the most widely used programming language in the field of data science.

But nowadays, JavaScript is also playing a crucial role in data science. Lots of new JavaScript frameworks are compatible with data science. If you want to be a web developer, then JavaScript is the best choice for you. If you want to get into the field of data science, then Python is the best option for you.

But when we talked about the career options and average salary packages of all the career in these programming languages. Then JavaScript is the best between these two programming languages.

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