Explain the basic components and media of network systems and distinguish between LANs, MANs, and WANs. Summarize current networking standards and how standards bodies and the standardization process impact networking technology. Describe the TCP / IP protocols and various functions among the application layer. Contrast why different technologies are deployed in different contexts of networking, such as topology, bandwidth, distance, and number of users. Explain and differentiate among network hardware devices and components. Compare and contrast among network operating systems. Describe security policy, practices, encryption techniques, and design considerations in support of business operations in a networked environment. Explain the role of integrity and availability in a networked environment. Use technology and information resources to research issues in computing networks. Write clearly and concisely about introductory networking topics using proper writing mechanics and technical style conventions.