Running head: TERM PAPER SUMMARY 1
a.) Consider the world where the ocean waters weren’t entirely altered by the effects of oil spills.
Oil spills have had a dramatic impact in the Gulf of Mexico such as the BP oil disaster, the Gulf
of Mexico oil spill, and the Macondo blowout. These oil spills have affected marine life such as
sea turtles, which had an estimate of “320,000”(2016) present at the time of just the BP oil spill,
with “450”(2010) confirmed deaths. Almost five million liters have been exposed to the ocean
and continue to skyrocket year by year with the help of human interaction, killing marine life.
b.) The Gulf of Mexico oil spills have permanently caused a decline of marine species, and
continue to cause harm to some particular marine life. Sea turtles are one of the examples of
species at a decline, which has confirmed fault to the oil spill. Sea turtles have been found to
consume large involuntary amounts of oil from the oil spills. The oil harms the ocean's
ecosystem and future of this species, which can’t recover unless massive changes happen.
Ongoing investigations and research have helped us gain more knowledge on the situation, but
not enough has happened. “Endangered sea turtles, bottlenose dolphins, coral reefs, shorebirds
and all kinds of fish suffered increased mortality, developmental defects or reproductive declines
as a result of exposure to the oil. And our understanding of these consequences may continue to
grow, as there are still scientists conducting ongoing research on the changes along the Gulf
shore.” Not only is the oil killing marine life, but it is also harming their growth and stages of
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