Programming Languages For Beginners

11+ Best Programming Languages For Beginners In 2023

Many students are in search of programming languages for beginners. Stay tuned with this blog post to explore these programming languages for beginners.

Programming languages are running the world. We are all highly dependent on programming to perform our day-to-day activities, from mobile phones to working machines. Apart from that, new and innovative technologies also work with programming languages. Here the basic question arises which is the best programming language for beginners?

Now you can have an idea of the importance of programming and the future scope of programming. That is why most of the students are showing an interest in programming languages. But there are tons of programming languages in the world.
It is quite hard to pick the best among the many options. So, what should you do as a beginner? Don’t worry; we are here to help you discover some of the best programming languages for beginners in 2023.

All these programming languages are useful not just for current scenarios but also for the future. So before we start, let’s closely look at a programming language.

What is a programming language?

To interact with computers, programmers use a language called a programming language. A collection of rules is what makes up a programming language. These rules make it possible to turn text values into different kinds of machine code or, in the case of visual programming languages, graphical components.

A program is a basic collection of instructions for doing a certain job written in a specific programming language (such as C, C++, Java, or Python).

The Best Programming Languages for Beginners

Here are some of the best programming languages for beginners that you should learn in 2023. These highly effective programming languages can help you have a better career as a beginner in programming.

1. Javascript

JavaScript is a high-level programming language and a fundamental Web technology. Ninety-eight percent of all websites utilize it for client-side development. JavaScript was first used to make web browsers, but it is now also used for server-side website deployments and other apps that don’t run in a browser.

JavaScript was first developed in 1995 under the name LiveScript. However, Java was a highly popular language at the time, so it was promoted as a “younger brother” of Java. Since its inception, JavaScript has developed into its language with its syntax, semantics, and lexicon. These days, JavaScript is often misunderstood as a subset of Java due to its same name. It is one of the best programming languages for beginners.

Pros and cons of Javascript

2. Python

Python is a widely used programming language due to its accessibility and popularity. It’s a no-cost, open-source programming language with many helpful features, such as a thriving community and a wealth of helpful modules; simple interaction with online services; friendly data structures; and graphical user interface (GUI)-based desktop apps.

This programming language is widely used in deep learning and machine learning communities. Blender, Inkscape, and Autodesk are just some of the 2D and 3D imaging and animation products built using Python.

Popular games like Civilization IV, Vegas Trike, and Toontown also made use of it. Python is used by popular websites like YouTube, Quora, Pinterest, and Instagram, as well as scientific and computer programs like FreeCAD and Abacus. It is one of the best programming languages for beginners.

Python Pros and Cons

3. Go

Google created the Go programming language in 2007 for application interfaces and websites. Go has become one of the fastest-growing programming languages because it is easy to use, works with multicore and networked systems, and can handle large codebases. Go programming language is considered the best coding language for beginners.

Go, often known as Golang, is a programming language designed with the requirements of developers on large-scale projects in mind. Its familiar syntax and straightforward contemporary structure have made it a favorite among many major IT firms. Google, Uber, Twitch, Dropbox, and many more use Go as their primary programming language. Since Go is fast and flexible, Go is also gaining favor among data scientists. Let’s know pros and cons of Go.

Go Pros and Cons

4. Java

Today, Java is among the most widely used and considered the best computer programming languages for beginners.

This object-oriented, general-purpose programming language is owned by Oracle Corporation and has become a de facto standard for cross-platform (Mac, Windows, Android, iOS, etc.) app development. For this reason, Java has become well-known for its portability across various platforms, from server farms to mobile devices. More than 3 billion devices are now using Java-based apps.

Java’s popularity may be attributed to its usefulness in various contexts, including web and application development and big data. Google, Amazon, Twitter, and YouTube are some well-known websites that utilize Java behind the scenes.

It’s also widely implemented in a wide variety of fields. Modern Java frameworks like Spring, Struts and Hibernate have also gained significant traction. There are millions of Java developers throughout the globe, so learning the language is a huge industry. In addition, there is a large online community of Java programmers that help each other and work together to find solutions to issues. It is one of the best programming languages for beginners.

Java Pros and Cons

5. Kotlin

Originally known as “Project Kotlin,” Kotlin is a general-purpose programming language created and introduced in 2011 by JetBrains. Initially, it was launched in 2016 as a beta version. It works well with Java and is friendly to functional languages.

Kotlin is widely used for building server-side, web-based, desktop, and mobile applications. Users of the Kotlin programming language agree that it is superior to Java. Kotlin is the foundation for the vast majority of Google’s application suite. Kotlin is the main programming language for many companies, including Coursera, Pinterest, and PostMates.

Pros and cons of Kotlin

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6. PHP

Initiated in 1990, PHP is an open-source programming language. More than 80% of websites on the Internet are written in PHP, making it a crucial skill for web developers to master. This includes popular websites like Facebook and Yahoo!

PHP is widely used for developing server-based applications. Programmers with advanced knowledge of PHP may also use it to create desktop apps, and the language is also useful for writing command-line scripts.

It is widely agreed that PHP is an accessible programming language for novices. Numerous online forums exist specifically for PHP developers and users, making it simple to get help and information. It is one of the best programming languages for beginners.

Pros and Cons of PHP

7. C#

Microsoft’s C# language became popular in the 2000s due to its strong support for object-oriented programming principles. It is a popular choice of language for the.NET platform. Cauthor’s Anders Hejlsberg said that C# is more similar to C++ than Java.

Since it uses the integrated development environment of Microsoft Visual C++, C# is great for making apps for Windows, Android, and iOS. Several well-known websites, like Bing, Dell, Visual Studio, and MarketWatch, use C# behind the scenes.

C++ Pros and cons

8. Swift

On the monthly TIOBE Index list of popular programming languages, Swift was among the top 10 a few years ago. Swift, Apple’s application development framework for Linux and Mac, was released in 2014.

Swift is an open-source programming language that is simple to pick up and use. It is also compatible with almost all of the objective features. C’s Swift may be utilized with IBM Swift Sandbox and IBM Bluemix, and it does not require as much coding expertise as other languages. Some of the best-known iOS apps that use Swift are WordPress, Mozilla Firefox, SoundCloud, and even the game Flappy Bird.

Pros and Cons of Swift

9. R

The free and open-source programming language R overhauls the S programming language. To a large extent, developers can port their S-based programs to R.

Statistics processing, from linear and nonlinear modeling through computation, testing, visualization, and analysis, is performed using R applications. R-based applications may interact with various databases and handle both structured and unstructured data types.

Although not as difficult to pick up as some of the other languages discussed here, R has a steep learning curve. But like other open-source programming languages, R has a thriving online community of developers to help you learn the ropes. That’s the reason R is considered the best programming language for beginners

Pros and cons of R

10. Ruby

Consider Ruby if you’re looking to get started with a language that has a reputation for being easy to pick up. Its object-oriented architecture, which allows for both procedural and functional notation, was developed in the 1990s to make the language more readable. Ruby on Rails (“RoR”) is a web application framework written in Ruby.

Programmers that work with Ruby praise it as the best coding language for beginners for being simple to pick up and use. There is a sizable Ruby development community because of these features, and there is an increasing interest in Ruby among new programmers.

11. HTML

HTML (HyperText Markup Language) is the standard markup language for creating web pages. It is used to structure content on the web, including text, images, videos, and links, using a variety of tags and attributes. HTML is the foundation of any website and is essential to understand for web development. It is a general-purpose language programming language that is best to learn programming language for beginners.

Pros and cons of HTML

12. CSS

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) is a stylesheet language used to describe the presentation of a document written in HTML or XML. CSS is used to add style and formatting to web pages, such as font styles, colors, layouts, and animations. It allows developers to separate the presentation and style of a website from its content, making it easier to update and maintain.

Pros and cons of CSS

How To Learn Programming Languages For Beginners?

Ordinarily, learning a programming language as a beginner can seem a very difficult task, but with the right approach, it can be a good and rewarding experience. Here are some steps to get started:

Step 1:- Choose a Language 

If you want to learn the programming language as a beginner, first, you will choose a specific programming language. Because there are many programming languages out there, and it can be overwhelming to decide where to start. Some popular languages for beginners include Python, JavaScript, and Ruby. So, you will consider your goals and what you want to achieve with programming to help narrow down your options.

Step 2:- Find resources

There are many resources available online to help you learn a programming language, such as tutorials, courses, and books. Some popular websites for learning programming include Codecademy, Khan Academy, and Udemy. You can also find free resources on websites such as GitHub, Stack Overflow, and YouTube.

Step 3:- Do practice

Programming is a practical skill, and the best way to learn is by doing. Start with simple projects and slowly work your level up to more complex ones. You can find programming challenges online or create your own projects to work on.

Step 4:- Seek help

Apart from this, you will seek programming languages help. Don’t be afraid to ask for help when you get stuck. Join online communities or forums for your language of choice, where you can ask questions and get advice from other developers. You can also hire an online programming language tutor who can help you to learn the programming language easily.

Step 5:- Keep learning

Programming languages are always growing, so it’s important to keep up with the latest trends and updates. You need to attend conferences, read blogs, and subscribe to newsletters to stay up-to-date on the latest programming trends.

Which Coding language is easiest to learn? 

Ordinarily, it depends on the individual’s learning style, previous experience with coding, and the specific tasks they want to complete. Here are a few examples of some easier programming languages:

Python: Python is often recommended as the first programming language due to its simple and easy-to-understand syntax. It also has a large community of users and a wide range of libraries that are used for various tasks.

JavaScript: JavaScript is a widely-used language that is used to build web applications. It has a straightforward syntax and is supported by all modern web browsers.

Ruby: Ruby is often used for web development and has a syntax that is easy to read and write. It is also known for its friendly and welcoming community.

Scratch: Scratch is a visual programming language that’s designed specifically for children. It uses drag-and-drop blocks to teach the basics of coding. It is a fun and engaging way to introduce young learners to programming concepts.

Highest Paying programming languages 2023

These are the following high paying programming language with salary as per payscale.


Wrap Up

These are some of the best programming languages for beginners that they should learn in 2023. These programming languages are working well in the industry. Some of the programming languages are modern-day programming languages, and they have a long way to go.

Therefore you can rely on these programming languages for a better future. Try to clarify these programming languages’ basic concepts for a better start. Try to learn a couple of similar programming languages for more options in the programming world.

FAQs ( Frequently Asked Questions )

Which coding language should I learn first as a beginner? 

You should learn the Javascript coding language first as a beginner. It is highly in demand and easy to learn programming language. It has good growth with the latest features. 

Is C++ beginner-friendly?

Both Python and C++ are popular, easy programming languages for beginners, and choosing the one to learn first is often a matter of personal preference.

Should I learn C or C++?

As compared to C, C++ has significantly more libraries and functions to use. If you’re working with complex software, C++ is a better fit because you have more libraries to rely on.

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