Ans: 1 A search engine is a web-based tool that enables users to locate information on the World Wide Web. Popular examples of search engines are Google, Yahoo!, and MSN Search. Search engines utilize automated software applications (referred to as robots, bots, or spiders) that travel along the Web, following links from page to page, site to site.
Ex. Google Search Engine
Google Search, or simply Google, is a web search engine developed by Google LLC. It is the most used search engine on the World Wide Web across all platforms, with 92.62% market share as of June 2019, handling more than 5.4 billion searches each day.
The order of search results returned by Google is based, in part, on a priority rank system called "PageRank". Google Search also provides many different options for customized search, using symbols to include, exclude, specify or require certain search behavior, and offers specialized interactive experiences, such as flight status and package tracking, weather forecasts, currency, unit, and time conversions, word definitions, and more.
The main purpose of Google Search is to search for text in publicly accessible documents offered by web servers, as opposed to other data, such as images or data contained in databases. It was originally developed in 1997 by Larry Page, Sergey Brin, and Scott Hassan. In June 2011, Google introduced "Google Voice Search" to search for spoken, rather than typed, words. In May 2012, Google introduced a Knowledge Graph semantic search feature in the U.S.
Ans: 2 Graphs and charts are visuals that show relationships between data and are intended to display the data in a way that is easy to understand and remember. People often use graphs and charts to demonstrate trends, patterns and relationships between sets of data.
Different types of graphs
You can choose from many types of graphs to display data, including:
1. Line graph
Line graphs illustrate how related data changes over a specific period of time. One axis might display a value, while the other axis shows the timeline. Line graphs are useful for illustrating trends such as temperature changes during certain dates.
2. Bar graph
Bar graphs offer a simple way to compare numeric values of any kind, including inventories, group sizes and financial predictions. Bar graphs can be either horizontal or vertical. One axis represents the categories, while the other represents the value of each category. The height or length of each bar relates directly to its value. Marketing companies often use bar graphs to display ratings and survey responses.
3 . Pictograph
A pictograph uses pictures or symbols to display data instead of bars. Each picture represents a certain number of items. Pictographs can be useful when you want to display data in a highly visual presentation such as an infographic. For example, you could use a picture of a book to display how many books a store sold over a period of a few months.
A histogram is another type of bar graph that illustrates the distribution of numeric data across categories. People often use histograms to illustrate statistics. For example, a histogram might display how many people belong to a certain age range within a population. The height or length of each bar in the histogram shows how many people are in each category.
5. Area graph
Area graphs show a change in one or more quantities over a certain period of time. They often help when displaying trends and patterns. Similar to a line graph, area graphs use dots connected by a line. However, an area graph involves coloring between the line and the horizontal axis. You can use several lines and colors between each one to show how multiple quantities add up to a whole. For example, a retailer might use this method to display the profits of different stores over the same timeframe.
6. Scatter plot
Scatter plots use dots to depict the relationship between two different variables. Someone might use a scatter plot graph to show the relationship between a person’s height and weight, for example. The process involves plotting one variable along the horizontal axis and the other variable along the vertical axis. The resulting scatter plot demonstrates how much one variable affects the other. If there is no correlation, the dots appear in random places on the graph. If there is a strong correlation, the dots are close together and form a line through the graph.
Different types of charts
There are seven common charts you can use to display information:
Flowcharts help organize the steps, decisions or actions in a process from beginning to end. They often include more than one starting point or endpoint, displaying different paths you can take in a process to get from start to finish. People often use flowcharts to depict complex situations. They use special shapes to illustrate different parts of the process, and they typically include a legend to explain what each shape means.
2. Pie chart
A pie chart presents the different parts of a whole. It looks like a circle divided into many pieces, much like a pie cut into slices. The pieces are different sizes based on how much of the whole they represent. Each piece usually has a label to represent its value compared to the whole. Professionals can use pie charts in business presentations to demonstrate population segments, market research responses and budget allocations.