Politeness Accommodation in EFL context in Malaysian Language



Politeness Accommodation in EFL context in Malaysian Language Centre: A case study among international students

Chapter 1: Introduction

Politeness can be defined as the means employed to show awareness of another person's face. Politeness is defined by Brown & Levinson (1978-1987) as the action of saying and doing things in way that the person takes into consideration the other side's feeling. Haugh (2004) stated that politeness involves speakers’ showing what they think of themselves and others, and addressees’ perceptions of those evaluations. According to Yang (2007, p. 155), “the degree of indirectness and politeness indicates the speaker's view of the degree of formality of a situation, the relationship between him and the hearer, his judgment of the imposition on the hearer, and so on”. According to Brown and Levinson (1987), and Leech (1983), direct requests seems to be impolite and face threatening because they are intruding in the addressee’s territory, and these authors argue that the preference for polite behavior is indirectness. Leech (1983, pp. 131-32) suggests that “it is possible to increase the degree of politeness by using more indirect illocutions”. 

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