The research problem defines a specific issue for investigation. A problem must be clearly described. The research problem should contain details about each of these questions: what is the gap in the literature, what is the problem, whose problem is it, and what happens if the problem isn’t solved?
The problem to be studied should offer the opportunity to fill a gap in the literature, so you should search all related areas and indicate how the results of your study will contribute to the body of knowledge or practice.
You may be surprised to learn that the problem statement is often a very short paragraph or two of about 250 words. In it, you should include citations to the literature substantiating that the social problem or gap in the literature. Once the guiding questions (noted in the graphic above) are answered, you will have sufficiently demonstrated that there is an existing problem worthy of research.