Using the terminology covered in the Lectures and texts, Is this deductive or inductive reasoning

general article writing


Please make sure that your writing is concrete, clear and concise and built on substance rather than overtone. Also, strive to be consistent with your terminology (Rules 4-6).

Deductive or Inductive? 

  1. Using the terminology covered in the Lectures and texts, Is this deductive or inductive reasoning? 
  2. If you think it is deductive, how good is this argument?  Is it deductively valid and sound?
  3. If you think the argument is inductive, is it a strong inductive argument?
  4. Are there any logical fallacies involved in Leslie’s reasoning?
What a Dog can Teach Us

While sitting in a large waiting area of a car dealer, Leslie notices that the walls are lined with a number of photographs of various landscapes, sunsets, mountains and forest scenes.  The closest framed photograph, which is about 18” by 30”, is priced at $199.00.  Without getting up, Leslie reasons that all the other photographs in the waiting area must be the same price, since their subject matter is similar, all the frames are the same quality, and they all appear to be the same size.

Be sure to justify all your answers to the above questions, basing your reasons on the Lectures and the assigned reading material.


Watch this video where Neil Degrasse Tyson explains the difference between Climate and Weather, as part of  episode 12 of the TV series

Cosmos: A Spacetime Odyssey, which was aired during the Spring of 2014:

After watching, post your response below to:

  • State whether you believe this is an argument by analogy, an explanation that uses an analogy, or something else.  Justify your statement.
  • Explain what things are being compared and provide arguments, based on the Rules in the text and the required readings in this course, to support whether or not you believe the comparison is strong or weak.
  • In a subsequent post answer the following:                                          
  •  Do you believe that Neil de Grasse Tyson's argument stands well on its own? Or do you believe a wider context is needed in order to more adequately support his points?  
  • Justify your answer, using the terminology and Rule 12 in Chapter 3.

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