Javascript vs HTML

Javascript vs HTML: Every Difference That You’re Looking For

Are you interested in knowing the comparison between Javascript vs HTML? If yes, then you are at the right place now. We know that the difference between Javascript vs HTML is one of the major concerns of computer science students. Today, in this blog, you will know about the in-depth comparison or key differences between Javascript vs HTML. So, before going deeper, Let’s start with a brief introduction to each of these terms.

What is Javascript?

Brendan Eich at Netscape introduced Javascript in 1995 to run on the client-side of the web browser, and it is a high-level scripting language. It is a technology for websites that makes them more interactive by manipulating the content of websites. 

It is a multi-paradigm programming language, and it is based on object-oriented programming concepts. Within a web browser, to create interactive effects, it is used without even interacting with the server-side of the browser.

It’s often confused with Java due to its name, but with the Java language, it has no connection. While both Java and Javascript are derived from the C language and even share some syntax, they are entirely based on different programming paradigms.

What Can You Do With Javascript?

There are so many things that you can do with Javascript. This programming language can give you the tools you need to:

  • For your website, create a calculator.
  • Create several keyboard shortcuts that users may use to move to different pages quickly.
  • Whenever a user scrolls down the page, play animations.

Javascript Program For Multiplication of Two Numbers

Program

const x = 4;
const y = 6;
// Multiplying two numbers
var mult = x * y;
// display the addition
console.log(“The multiplication of ” + x + ” and ” + y + ” is:” + mult);

Output

The multiplication of 4 and 6 is: 24

What is HTML?

HTML stands for Hypertext Markup Language. It’s a primary markup language used to create web pages and web applications from plain simple text. 

Simply, if you want to make a web application or web page, you have to begin with HTML. 

The World Wide Web is a collection of millions of documents connected by hyperlinks, and also a web page is just a hypertext document.

By using a set of instructions, HTML adds some meaning to the text. Or simply, we can say that it is a basic language with the help of which it is used to format the plain text to make it better and give them a proper structure. 

What Can You Do With HTML?

There are so many things that you can do with HTML that are:

  • You can create the structure of your websites and use different technologies to improve the design.
  • You may significantly enhance the control and flexibility of your website if you have a basic knowledge of HTML.
  • Knowing how to use this code will allow you to create your own improvements.
  • Many complicated aspects of a website design are implemented automatically by some platforms, leaving you free to focus on the tiny modifications that may be performed using HTML.
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HTML Program to Display “Hello World” 

Program

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<title>Heading and Paragraph Basic</title>
<body>
<h1>Hello World</h1>
<p>Welcome to Calltutors</p>
</body>
</html>

Output

Javascript vs HTML: The Key Differences

Basic of Javascript and HTML

Both Javascript and HTML are high-level programming languages. While creating a website, HTML provides the primary website structure, and Javascript makes the web pages more interactive and dynamic. 

Function of Javascript and HTML

HTML is a building block to website development that makes a basic structure of a web page. In HTML, a website does not look interactive. Whereas Javascript manipulates the page’s content to impact the user’s actions, and it adds dynamic content to websites to make them look good.

Dynamic Programming

Javascript Is one of the core technologies of the World Wide Web, besides HTML. Standard HTML pages are static pages, meaning the content is fixed and shows the same information to every user who accesses the website, and with the user’s input, it cannot interact. For both web pages and web applications, incorporating Javascript would allow programmers to create user actions. And by manipulating the content of the page, it makes a web page dynamic.

Client-side vs. Server-side

HTML is used to code a web page’s client-side, and Programmers cannot use it to code server-side. On the other hand, Javascript can be used both on the client-side and the server-side of a website. And the server-side Javascript is an extended version of the core Javascript. 

Compatibility of Javascript and HTML

HTML is cross-browser compatible. It means HTML works well with all web browser versions, including modern browsers. On the other hand, Javascript lacks cross-browser compatibility. It means in Javascript, and some functions are incompatible with some browsers.

Javascript vs HTML- In Tabular Form

JavascriptHTML
DefinitionJavascript is a scripting language that Brendan Eich develops to make interactive web pages at Netscape.HTML is a markup language that Tim Berners-Lee develops to create web pages.
SyntaxHarderEasier
PlatformTo run the code, it requires a JS engine To display the static content, it requires any web browser 
UsageTo the static web pages, it adds dynamic functionality On web pages, it provides static content 
Dynamic and Interactive web pagesIt can make web pages dynamic and interactive.The simple pages of HTML are static, and they are not interactive or dynamic.
IntegrationWe can’t put HTML within Javascript.We can put Javascript within HTML.
CompatibilityJavascript is not cross-browser compatible.HTML is cross-browser compatible.
Content ManipulationOn user actions, it can change content.Content can’t be changed.
GeneralityIn client and server-side environments, it is available in major browsers.In the majority of worldwide websites, HTML is being used across all sites.
CommunityIt is maintained by the ECMA TC-39 committeeIt is maintained by W3C and WHATWG
StandardizationECMA StandardsW3C and WHATWG standards

Advantages And Disadvantages of Javascript vs HTML

Advantages And Disadvantages of Javascript

AdvantagesDisadvantages
  • Client-side Javascript is a fast one because it can be directly executed in the client-side browsers. JavaScript is unaffected by network calls to a backend server unless external resources are requested.

  • JavaScript is a simple language to learn as well as to use.

  • JavaScript is used all across the internet.

  • JavaScript is a scripting language that works well with other languages and may be used in a wide range of applications.

  • Being the client-side reduces the server load on the website server.

  • Allows for the creation of elaborate user interfaces.
  • Client-side security is a term that refers to the security of a client’ Because the code runs on the user’s computer, it can be used for malevolent purposes in some instances. This is one of the reasons why some people disable Javascript.

  • Browser compatibility. Different browsers read JavaScript differently at times. It’s a little more difficult to build cross-browser code because of this.
  • Advantages And Disadvantages of HTML

    AdvantagesDisadvantages
  • It is really simple to learn, even for school kids.

  • Its code is easy to read and understand.

  • The code structure is easy to learn.

  • It is completely free to use, which means you will not have to pay anything.

  • All current browsers, such as Chrome, Safari, and Opera, accept it.

  • It is a platform-independent language, which means it may be used on any device.

  • Audio, video, photographs, and other forms of media assets may be easily embedded.

  • Any page on a website, either internal or external, can be linked to.

  • If you don’t want to start from scratch, there are free templates accessible for anything.
  • It can be difficult to manage a large amount of code.

  • Sometimes there can be lots of pages in bulk and it can be hard to handle.

  • It isn’t safe by itself. To increase security, you’ll require third-party services.

  • HTML has limited powers on its own. Html by itself is only capable of producing basic web pages.

  • Even the simplest websites require coding. If a website has a lot of pages, this might be an issue in writing the code.

  • It is not centralized, each page should have its own programming. It is one of the most significant drawbacks.

  • It’s difficult to create dynamic pages. All HTML pages are static by default.
  • Conclusion

    In this blog, we have discussed Javascript vs HTML. Both Javascript and HTML are high-level programming languages. HTML offers the basic website structure, whereas Javascript enhances the interactivity and dynamic nature of web pages. 

    And we hope that this blog is very helpful to you. In any case, if you need a javascript assignment helper you can discuss your requirements with our experts anytime. We are always ready to help you. 

    FAQs

    Is JavaScript harder than HTML?

    HTML is easy to code and learn. It is a very simple language, whereas Javascript is a lot more complex than it. Syntax of HTML is very simple. In contrast, Javascript syntax is very complex.

    Is HTML necessary for JavaScript?

    Yes, to learn Javascript, one must be familiar with HTML. An HTML document contains Javascript. Javascript works with HTML code to make a website more dynamic and interactive. As a result, a prior understanding of HTML is required to learn and use Javascript.

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