how to write an abstract for a research paper

How To Write An Abstract For A Research Paper

In this article, you will learn about how to write an abstract for a research paper. Abstracts for a research paper have always played a critical role in easily and briefly describing the thesis to journal editors and researchers, appealing to them to read on. Writing a persuasive abstract is much more relevant today than in the days of bound paper manuscripts, thanks to the widespread availability of online publication databases. 

Abstracts exist to “sell” your job, and they can be compared to a company resume’s “executive summary”: a formal briefing on the most critical aspects of your study—alternatively, the “gist” of your research. With most academic transactions now taking place online, you’ll have even less time to impress your readers and more competition in the form of other abstracts to read. 

APCI (academic publishing and conferences international) explains that in the selection process for journals and conferences, there are 12 questions or “points” that are considered and shows the importance of providing an abstract that checks all of these boxes. Because the abstract is often the only chance you have to convince people to continue reading, you must invest time and effort into writing one that accurately reflects the main points of your research and captivates your audience. 

With that in mind, use these guidelines to structure and quiet your abstract, and learn how to incorporate these concepts into a strong abstract that will captivate your target audience. so, let’s start to understand how to write an abstract for a research paper

Before you start writing your abstract 

Decide which type of abstract you need to write. 

All abstracts have the same goal in mind: to include an overview of your research. However, there are two basic abstract styles: descriptive and informative. Here’s a quick breakdown of the two: 

  • Descriptive abstract: 100-200 words; indicates the type of information in the paper; describes the paper’s meaning, objective, and methodology but omits the results and conclusion. 
  • Informative abstracts: length: one paragraph to one page a condensed version of your paper that sums up all aspects of the study, including the findings; serves as a “surrogate” for the task, taking the place of the more extensive report. 

Informative abstracts are the more popular of the two forms, and they are often submitted to journals and conferences. Informative abstracts are appropriate for longer, more technical studies, whereas descriptive abstracts are better suited to shorter papers and posts. Following the guidelines for journal submissions and reading as many other published papers in such journals as possible is the best way to determine which abstract style you need to use. 

Research the abstract guidelines and requirements

Writers must always closely follow the basic guidelines and criteria indicated in the guide for authors section of their target journal’s website, as an article about research writing will inform you. The same rules should be followed when submitting a paper for publication in a journal at a meeting and completing a class assignment. 

When it comes to formatting and structure, each publisher has specific requirements. Here are some of the most popular issues that a journal’s guidelines answer. 

  • Is there a maximum or minimum duration for words on characters? 
  • What are the criteria for style and formatting?
  • What kind of abstract can i use
  • Are there any content or company guidelines that must be followed? 

Of course, there are additional guidelines to follow when writing a research abstract. However, if you meet the guidelines when submitting your manuscript for the first time, you can stop having your work thrown into the “circular register” right away. 

Identify your target readership. 

Your abstract’s primary goal is to guide researchers to the full text of your research paper. Abstracts in scientific journals enable readers to determine if the research addressed is essential to their research or interests. Abstracts also assist readers in quickly grasping your crucial point. When you write your abstract, keep these questions in mind. 

  • Is your research primarily focus on other academics in your field? 
  • Is it possible that your study would be helpful to the general public?
  • Did you write the study findings to include the abstract’s broader implications?

While outlining and writing your abstract

Provide only relevant and helpful information 

Your abstract must cover all aspects of your thesis to effectively clarify your paper and research, just as your research paper title should cover as much ground as possible in a few short words. Since it must accomplish this mission in a few hundred words, it is important not to include passing references or phrases that confuse or deceive the reader about the research’s content and objectives. When it comes to what kind of writing to have, follow these dos and don’ts. 

  • Avoid acronyms and abbreviations, so they need to be clarified to the reader to make sense, taking up valuable abstract real estate. Instead, define these words in the first paragraph. 
  • References to individuals or other terms can be used if they are well-known. Otherwise, stop mentioning something in the abstract that isn’t related to your research. 
  • Never put tables, percentages, references, or long quotes in your abstracts; you’ll have plenty of time in the body of your paper to present and refer to them. 

Use keywords to attract more readers.

The keywords section, which appears immediately underneath the abstract and lists the most applicable terms, is an important search tool. Consider these keywords to be the “tubes” that readers can seek out and enter (via database and search engine queries) to arrive at their destination, which is your document eventually. Thus, the abstract keywords should be terms that are widely used in searches and highly important to your work and can be found in the abstract text. In both the conceptual and keywords pages, provide 5-10 key terms or short phrases vital to your study. 

Include words like “obesity,” “prevalence,” “international,” “lower classes,” and “cross-cultural” if you’re writing a paper about the prevalence of obesity among lower classes that crossed international borders. These are words that can attract a wide range of people who are interested in your research subject.

The structure of the abstract 

 As mentioned earlier, the abstract (particularly the insightful abstract) serves as a proxy or summary for the research paper, doing nearly as much work as the thousands of words that follow it throughout the body. The abstract in the hard sciences and most social sciences contains the parts and organizational schema.

Each section is a short and simple one or two sentences-though there is space for expansion if one aspect or argument stands out as especially important or convincing. The individual parts of the abstract should naturally merge into one another is almost always one long paragraph. Use the following as a checklist to ensure that your abstract contains all of the relevant information. 

  1. Identify your purpose and motivation. So, you’re studying rabies in Brazilian squirrels. So, what’s the point? What is the significance of this? Start your abstract by stating why people should be interested in this study-why. Is it relevant to your field and possibly the rest of the world? And what exactly is the aim of your research; what are you hoping to accomplish? Begin by responding to the following questions. 
  • What prompted you to pursue this research or project?
  • Why is this research important in your profession or to the general public? 
  • Why should anyone bother to read the whole essay?

In summary, the first section of your abstract should discuss the significance of the study and its implications for other research fields or the scientific community at large. 

  1. Explain the problem you are addressing. The corollary to why your particular study is exciting and relevant states the “issue” that your research discusses. Even if the issue of “rabies in Brazilian squirrels” is essential, what is the problem-the “missing piece of the puzzle”-that your research contributes to solving?

You can merge the issue and motivation parts, but it’s better to keep them separate for organization and transparency. Here are a few specific questions to consider. 

  • What is the aim of your study, or what problem is it attempting to solve? 
  • What is the reach of your research-does it attempt to describe something broad or narrow? 
  1. Discuss your approach ( methods and materials). You’ve defined the report’s significance, your motivation for researching this subject, and the problem that your paper addresses. Now you must explain how you solved or progressed with this issue and how you performed your research. If your research involves your own or your team’s work, make a note of it here. Explain how you reviewed other people’s work in your article. Have you used any analytical models? Is it true that this is a double-blind study? Is this a case study? You’re essentially explaining to the reader how the internal engine of your research machine worked in the analysis. Be sure to: 
  • Include the methods/type of analysis, your variables, and the scope of your work in your research. 
  • Your critical sources should highlight the most.  
  1. Summarize your results. Here you can provide a summary of your study’s findings. You are using at least some quantitative terms instead of too many abstract qualitative times (e.g., “very,” “thin,” “tremendous”) (i.e., percentages, figures, numbers). Save the qualitative vocabulary for the final paragraph. Respond to the following questions:
  • What concrete results did your research provide (e.g., patterns, figures, and correlations between phenomena)?
  • What was the relationship between your findings and your hypothesis? Was the research a success? 
  • Were there any significant surprises, or were they all reasonably predictable?
  1. Make a final statement. You will make a statement about the consequences and weaknesses of your analysis in the last section of your abstract. Make sure this point is specific to your findings rather than the field of research as a whole. Will the results of this study make headlines in the scientific community? Can they change people’s perceptions of “Brazilian squirrels”? Or are the ramifications insignificant? Researchers and journals will be suspicious of ambitious statements in science articles, so don’t brag about your analysis or portray its effect as far-reaching. Select one of the following questions to answer:
  • What are the precise ramifications of these findings in my field? and about the rest of the world? 
  • What other kinds of research will lead to different solutions to problems?

After finishing the first draft of your abstract

Do basic revisions 

Before being considered final, the abstract should be revised like any other piece of scholarly literature. Make sure it’s free of grammatical and spelling mistakes and that it’s formatted correctly. 

Get feedback from a peer. 

Having someone else look at your abstract is a perfect way to see if you’ve done an excellent job at summarizing your thesis. Find a reader familiar with research papers but isn’t an expert in the field or isn’t involved with your research. Request that your reader summarises your study (including all key points of each section). This should indicate whether you have clearly articulated your main points. 

Consider speaking with a professor or even a professional or generalist writing center consultant about your abstract to your research peers. Use any resource that can give research paper writing help, you see your work in a new light. 

Consider getting professional editing and proofreading for your abstract

Although peer input is essential for ensuring the efficacy of your abstract content, hiring a skilled editor to correct errors in grammar, spelling, mechanics, style, or formatting might be a good idea. Simple mistakes in the abstract may not impact your content, but they may discourage anyone from reading your entire report. 

Additional abstract rules of thumb

Write your abstract after completing your paper.

 While the abstract appears at the starting of your manuscript, it outlines your entire paper rather than only introducing your research subject (as the title does). The abstract should be written last to ensure that it is complete and compatible with your paper’s results and assertions. 

Keep your content in order. 

 Both questions and answers should be structured regularly and familiarly To make the material easier to digest. Even if the pieces aren’t neatly separated, it should ideally imitate the overall format of your essay and the classic “introduction,” “body,” and “conclusion” type. 

Write the abstract from scratch. 

Since the abstract is a self-contained piece of writing that can be read independently of the rest of the document, it should be written separately. Avoid paraphrasing sentences in the articles and never copy and paste direct quotations from them. Adding new vocabulary and phrases to your abstract will keep it fresh and free redundancies, all while saving space. 

Don’t include too many details in the abstract.

Again, the density of your abstract prevents you from including precise details other than names and places. You can refer to concepts, but you must not describe or illustrate them in the abstract. Strike a balance between being unique to your research while also giving a broad overview of you. 


In these articles, you have learned about how to write an abstract for a research paper. I hope you have understood how to write an abstract for a research paper. Now, if you are facing a problem, write a research essay. Then don’t worry about this, our research paper experts will provide you the best research essay help at low cost. 

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