In this blog, we will learn about different types of accounting jobs. So, let’s start. According to Investopedia, accounting is “the method of documenting financial transactions about a company.” This process involves analyzing and reporting these transactions to oversight agencies, regulators, and tax collection entities. For example, Accounting is used to track the number of transactions made, revenue produced, related expenses, and profit received in a restaurant. Another method of accounting is taking notes of educational spending and teacher salaries in a school.
Accounting involves much more than just keeping track of sales and expenses. Throughout the accounting process, capital and assets (how many expensive products or how much material a company has on hand) and liability is considered. Accountants are critical to this process because they navigate complex financial documents and provide analysis and insight to their customers, employees, and broader organizations.
The following are the most common accounting jobs:
- Finance manager
- Certified public accountant(CPA)
- Government accountant
- Accounts payable specialist
- Tax accountant
- Internal auditors
- Budget analyst
- Public accountant
- Forensic accountant
What are the different types of accounting jobs?
Accounting jobs come in different shapes and sizes, each with its own set of roles, levels of seniority, and expectations. Accounting jobs all have one thing in common: they all involve evaluating and interpreting a person’s or an organization’s financial activities somehow. An accountant can assist in the organization of a midsized company’s financial data. At the same time, a tax auditor can determine if the company has paid the required amount to the tax authority( for example, the state government or the IRS). The primary responsibilities for each role vary significantly, but they all play a part in interpreting and analyzing financial data.
Traditional accounting positions include auditor, budget manager, accounts payable specialist, tax accountant, and forensic accountant. The educational and technological qualifications for this employment, like the positions themselves, will evolve. A forensic accountant may need further credentials, although a budget analyst may not; a budget analyst may benefit from an advanced degree, whereas a tax auditor in the same sector may not.
Because of the disparities in responsibilities and specifications, switching between accounting roles is impractical, if not impossible. Aspiring and current accounting professionals must decide which path they want to take and be informed of the requirements and responsibilities of each job.
Where do accountants work?
One of the benefits of being an accountant is the variety of industries in which one can serve. A tax auditor might work for a federal agency in Washington, D.C., while a budget analyst might analyze and handle the finances of a coastal California area.
A forensic accountant may work with private and public organizations to interpret a person’s or company’s spending patterns more deeply. An accountant payable specialist may work with an exciting media conglomerate. In general, if a business has to organize and review its finances in any way, an accounting professional or role is appropriate for the job.
What is an auditor?
According to the accounting and consultancy firm PwC, an audit reviews a corporation’s or organization’s financial statements by someone not affiliated with the business or firm, known as the auditor. According to PwC, the financial report “contains a balance sheet, an income statement, a statement of adjustments in equity, a cash flow statement, and annotations, which include a list of significant accounting policies and other explanatory notes.”
An auditor’s job is to investigate if the information provided in a company’s report accurately represents the company’s financial situation. The following are the items that an auditor must consider:
- If the business or organization underreported or misreported those assets or resources.
- Whether the business/organization is properly tracking profits and losses.
- Whether the company/organization paid the total amount of tax payments.
According to Investopedia, auditors can determine the value of assets, interact with customers, collaborate with colleagues, and investigate financial documents on any given day. Since most corporations’ fiscal years end in December and must file their audited financial statements within a specific period, an auditor’s workload usually peaks around January to march.
The median annual salary for accountants and auditors in the finance and insurance sector was 74,690 in 2018, according to the U.S. Bureau of labor statistics (BLS), while the median salary was $70,500. From 2018 to 2028, the BLS projects a 6% increase in job growth for these jobs. Auditors generally need a bachelor’s degree in a related field such as accounting. A master’s degree is usually required to advance to more senior positions, requiring a CPA license.
Job description of a budget analyst
A budget analyst is an accountant who oversees a company’s or organization’s budget in collaboration with someone in a management position. Budget analysts are helpful in the following sectors and industries:
- Budget consultants will assist small cities, regional departments, and larger federal offices in maintaining their budgets.
- Training at a higher level. School districts, colleges, and broader educational systems can use budget analysts.
- Budget analysts will keep track of national discount store chains’ budgets. They can also handle the budgeting processes for the brands that sell in those areas.
- Organizations that are not for benefit. Budget analysts will assist in developing a not-for-profit organization’s budget, the preparation of studies, and evaluation of funding and how it is used.
Budget analysts will be involved in preparing and organizing budgets, overseeing and approving plans, making arguments for why such budgetary demands should accept, and monitoring an organization’s expenditures regularly, according to the bureau of labor statistics. According to the BLS, budget analysts earned a median annual salary of $76,220 in 2018, with a forecasting job growth rate of 4% from 2018 to 2028.
Budget analysts must have a solid math background, precise accounting, and analytical abilities, be extremely meticulous and coordinated and have excellent communication skills because they are frequently expected to explain budgetary methods and protocols to individuals within the firm. Budget analysts often hold a bachelor’s degree in accounting or a similar field, with master’s degrees in business disciplines being the most sought after.
What do accounts payable specialists do?
Invoices and bills for goods and services are given to businesses, and organizations are often received. For example, a media company may obtain an invoice for completed work from a freelance photographer or writer. A marketing consultant may be hired by a charitable agency, which may issue a bill for services provided or to be rendered. An accountant who handles and records these payments and financial transactions is known as an accounts payable specialist. Investopedia says, “according to Investopedia:
The total accounts payable (AP) balance of a company at a given point in time will appear in the current liabilities portion of its balance sheet. Accounts payable are loans that must settle in a certain amount of time to prevent default. Ap applies to short-term loan payments. Owed to vendors at the corporate level.
Payment for such invoices and bills is often due by a certain date. Nonpayment of an invoice or statement that is past due may expose the company to behavior such as default or even lawsuits. Accounts payable experts deal with short-term payments as opposed to longer-term debt, such as small business loans. An accounts payable professional can track new invoices, manage balance sheets, prioritize payment, prescribe best payment practices to employees, provide information to other accountants, and communicate with external partners about prices on any given day. For faster and more efficient work, they often use invoicing software for small businesses.
Accounts payable specialists must be alert and able to analyze invoices and bills effectively, have good communication skills to communicate their results, be analytical and inventive when optimizing payment solutions. According to payscale, the median hourly wage for accounts payable specialists is $18.58 as of March 2020. From 2018 to 2028, the bureau of labor statistics predicts a 4% drop in bookkeeping, accounting, and auditing jobs. The educational qualifications for these jobs will defer based on seniority, company size, and the types of invoices and bills handled. According to the BLS, employers prefer candidates with some postsecondary education, especially coursework in accounting, for bookkeeping, accounting, and auditing roles. some applicants, however, may be recruited with just a high school diploma.”
How to become a tax accountant
Most people can file their taxes without the help of a tax accountant. They gather information about the money they’ve earned from their work, make a list of any required deductions, credits, and expenditures, and send it to the IRS. However, many other parties and organizations profit from the experience and services of tax professionals, whether they are multinational companies with offices and activities in hundreds of countries who face specific tax issues or ultra-high-net-worth individuals with vast. To ensure timely tax payments, a tax accountant analyses financial records and prepares statements. The accounts payable specialist keeps and prepares the documents that a tax accountant will later interpret to figure out how to translate the data into necessary tax payments. A tax accountant can also concentrate on a person’s tax situation and status rather than a business.
According to the Huston Chronicle, a tax accountant may handle the following tasks on any given day:
- Tax planning
- law research
- Tax and income analysis
- Tax preparation
- Client meetings
These services are often in high demand during tax season, which runs from January to april. However, tax accountants may be required to complete work by other deadlines, such as September 15 and October 15, if they are not dealing with business entity taxes. Tax accountants have other responsibilities outside of this window as well. Tax accountants can be useful, according to Robert half, because organizations have audits, strategic financial planning, bookkeeping, and many other things to deal with year-round.
According to the bureau of labor statistics, the median annual wage for accountants and auditors was $70,500 in 2018, with a forecast employment growth rate of 6% between 2018 and 2028. The forecast is based on the fact that individuals and businesses must still pay taxes, and accountants and auditors would be in high demand for their valuable services and skillsets.
One must consistently meet educational and professional standards to become a tax accountant. A bachelor’s and master’s degree in a related field is frequently required. Earning a certified public accountant (CPA) certification is also a critical step in establishing an accountant’s legitimacy and knowledge of required tax standards and laws starting work.
What is a forensic accountant?
While an efficient tax accountant usually assists clients in properly preparing tax returns, individuals and organizations sometimes file their taxes incorrectly, whether intentionally or unintentionally. When filing a yearly return, a corporation may say that it lost money when it made a profit. A person can demand such deductions or withhold details regarding additional income. Also, government agencies, such as the FBI, need competent forensic accountants to investigate the financial operations of accused and wanted criminal groups and individuals. In these situations, forensic accountants are the experts who look further into a person’s or a group’s financial history to see whether a crime has been committed. According to Investopedia, “forensic accountants are qualified to look beyond the numbers and deal with the business reality of a case.”
Forensic accountants may assist in the investigation of the following types of cases:
- They are identifying whether a person or entity purposefully deceived others for personal gain.
- They were investigating whether workers earned money or funds that belonged to their employer.
- Laundering of money. They are identifying whether those techniques or networks are being used to conceal illegal cash flow.
The everyday duties of forensic accountants vary depending on the organization, but they usually include reviewing complicated financial details to discover possible wrongdoing. According to the FBI’s website, forensic accountants” understand the overall big” picture of a case, “communicate their conclusions to others,” “take notes on suspicious payments and financial activities,” and “spot other possible wrongdoers.”
The future of accounting
In some ways, all types of accounting jobs include the organization, management, and review of financial data. The basic duties and specifications of each job will vary. Aspiring accountants should be aware of the differences between these positions and determine which is a better match for their career goals and skill sets.
The nature of an accountant’s job has changed primarily due to changing industry and technology trends. Professionals who are ready and able to adjust to emerging developments have the greatest chance of landing a types of accounting jobs. They can assist companies in navigating and making sense of an ever-changing economic environment. Accountants that can adjust to emerging mobile accounting systems and software, as well as new tax codes and investment opportunities, would be well-positioned to succeed.
In this blog, you have learned about different types of accounting jobs. I hope you have understood the types of accounting jobs. Now if you are facing a problem writing an accounting assignment. Then don’t worry about this our professional experts provide the best accounting assignment help at a low cost.
FAQs Related To Types Of Accounting Job
What are the 4 types of accountants?
Though different professional accounting sources may categorize accounting occupations differently, the four types described here reflect the accounting responsibilities that are typically accessible throughout the profession.
These four types include:
Who is the richest accountant?
Here is the list of the top 5 richest accountants in the world:
-Phil Knight, co-founder of Nike. His net worth is $25.1bn.
-Kumar Mangalam Birla, chairman of Aditya Birla Group. His net worth is $8.3bn.
-Denise Coates, director of Bet365. Her net worth is $2.9bn.
-Arthur Blank, co-founder of The Home Depot. His net worth is $2.6bn.
-Paul Coulson, chairman of Ardagh Group. His net worth is $1.5bn.