According to Merton, what is the defining characteristic that distinguishes “conduct” and “behavior” (173)? In what ways is this distinction significant to his conceptualization of the unintended consequences of purposive action? Why does Merton contend that consequences are a result of the relationship between “action” and “objective situation”? Please specify what is meant by “objective situation” through the use of empirical (real) examples. What are the reasons given for why “immediacy of interest” can influence/lead to unanticipated consequences of purposive action? Please provide real examples of at least 3 reasons. What does Merton argue is the relationship between social values and the unintended consequences of purposive action? In what ways is Merton contributing to Parson’s concept of the individual actor and its role in a functionalist system?