Differentiate how a consequentialist and a deontologist might think about the morality of lying.



For the following questions, I expect 4 or more paragraphs for each response. Your answers should reflect awareness of the assigned reading, the instructor’s lectures, the weekly discussions and your own ideas. Remember, I expect to see your original thought. I only want you to use the sources listed above and your own ideas (I don’t want you to search for other sources).


1.       Differentiate how a consequentialist and a deontologist might think about the morality of lying.  Is it wrong to lie, or might it be acceptable?  Why? Which of these perspectives do you most agree with?




2.       How can a person be happy? Explain what Aristotle thinks happiness consists in, and how one can be happy. Differentiate primary and secondary goods. Do you think Aristotle is correct about primary goods? Why? In the Myth of Gyges Plato implies something troubling about happiness. What is this implication? Is it inconsistent with Aristotle’s thoughts on happiness?




3.       In John Stuart Mill’s On Liberty, an argument is made in favor of freedom of expression.  Explain the reasons for allowing freedom of expression, and also explain the possible objections to freedom of expression (such as the objection arising from Plato’s Ship of Fools). Do you think we should be allowed to express ourselves as we wish? What might go wrong?




4.       Imagine you are able to save many people by causing harm to one person, as in the Trolley Problem. Is it morally better to save many or to remain uninvolved? Make an argument defending a course of action and explain why your recommended course of action is morally best. How should one decide what the best course of action is?


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