1. Discuss at least three of the civilizations that existed in North and Central America before the arrival of the Europeans. What social structures were present in these societies and what sorts of economies and technologies? What happened to these societies in the aftermath of 1492? 2. Discuss the impact that European contact had on Native American life. Use specific examples in your discussion. 3. Describe how slavery developed and entrenched itself in the British North American colonies. Include a discussion of how racial ideologies developed. 4. Compare and contrast the different standards of living, political participation, and economic development generally in the southern British colonies versus the northern ones in the 1600’s to the mid 1700’s. 5. While historians long argued that the abundance of free land and the egalitarian nature of the frontier encouraged the development of democratic institutions, evidence to the contrary exists. Discuss and evaluate this statement. Include in your discussion the colonial need for land and labor and how that need was met.