prepare a Data Flow Diagram and flowchart of the following scenario. (Your DFD should go to a Level !.)
WORKFLOW FOR A PRIMARY CARE CLINIC WITH A PAPER MEDICAL RECORD The typical workflow
for a patient visit at this primary care clinic begins with the patient intake portion which includes the request
for appointment, patient registration, history taking and beginning the clinical exam. The patient contacts the
clinic for an appointment via phone call or inperson for a walkin appointment, taken as available. In both
instances, the receptionist collects demographic data from the patient, including date of birth, age, address,
social security number, emergency contacts and insurance provider information. This information is entered
into the demographic and insurance component of the clinic’s electronic registration system. New patients
are scheduled for a fortyfive minute appointment and receive a unique patient identification number (ptID).
This number remains the same for the life of the patient at the clinic.
A returning patient’s information is
retrieved, including the ptID, and is scheduled for a twenty minute appointment. After the patient is
scheduled and registration is complete, a new paper chart is developed by the file clerk and the registration
information is printed and placed in the chart. If the patient is a returning patient the file clerk pulls the
existing paper record from the file room, updates the demographic information and then places the chart in
the pending charts bin. The day before the patient arrives for their appointment, the file clerk places the
paper chart at the front desk so that it is available when the patient arrives for their appointment. Upon the
patient’s arrival, the receptionist queries the patient’s social security number and verifies the patient’s
identity with their last and first name. Demographic information is validated or updated in the registration
system. The patient then receives a paper encounter form, requesting information on past medical history,
current health concerns and reasons for visit, to be completed while waiting to be placed in an exam room.
In the meantime, the nurse is alerted that the patient has arrived and when available, rooms the patient in an
exam room in the clinic. The second portion of the workflow includes: the physician’s physical exam, patient
laboratory, radiologic and other testing, and patient discharge.
Once the patient is in the exam room, the
nurse reviews the completed encounter form, obtains the patient’s vital signs and enters the patient’s chief
complaint and other relevant data into the paper record. After the nurse completes these tasks, the
physician begins his encounter with the patient and completes the exam. The physician documents the
exam and writes orders, including medications, lab, radiology and referrals in the chart after the encounter is
completed. If the physician writes an order for medication, she provides a written prescription to the patient
before they leave the exam room. The physician then flags the chart (to indicate that the chart has orders)
and then returns it to the nurse.
Upon completion of the visit the patient stops at the clinic front desk and
schedules any return visit. The nurse then executes the orders (facilitates scheduling of lab, radiology,
medication prescriptions and so forth). When lab and radiology results are ready, they are printed to the
clinics printer and the nurse then places the printed results into the chart. Patients are called with any
abnormal lab and radiology results or sent a letter stating results are within normal limits. When patients
need prescriptions refilled, they contact the receptionist who then places a hand written note at the nurse’s
station in the clinic. The nurse then places the note in the patients chart and places it in a bin for the
physician to review at the end of the day. Once the physician writes the refill prescription, she places the
chart in the bin and the nurse contacts both the pharmacy and patient.