Respond to the following questions using complete sentences. Your answer should be at least 2 paragraphs in length, which must be composed of three to five sentences each. What is the philosophy upon which the system of justice used for juveniles in the United States is based? What was the condition of children in Europe from Roman times until the late eighteenth century? What were the conditions that gave rise to houses of refuge in America? What is meant by the concept of parens patriae?