1. Unions ultimately rely on popular vote in order to legitimize their presence in a workplace,
and this is obviously largely determined by the degree of employee dissatisfaction at such a
time. However, how do other variables such as organization size, location, industry/occupation,
workplace dynamics, etc. affect the likelihood of successful union establishment? Explain your
2. In your opinion, must the relationship between union and employer during the initial phases
of union emergence be adversarial? Are there ever situations in which the employer would or
should welcome the presence of a union? When and why?