Structure of a Thesis

How to Structure a Thesis| Complete Guide for Students

Structure of a Thesis

A thesis can be written down in various forms; that can be a traditional thesis or thesis by compilation. All types of the thesis have a common feature to argue. The argument is related to your research questions. The structure of the thesis is in the form that supports the argument. The structure of a thesis helps you keep on track and can save your time.
To know more about how to write thesis Read the complete article and it will help you know more about Structure of thesis.

Important points related to the thesis:  

•    The thesis should have a clear objective or questions of research.

•    The thesis should have an argument that supports your answers to the research questions. 

•    Each point of the thesis should support your argument.

•    Your argument should be according to the structure of the thesis and dissertation

The thesis should include the following points:

  • Title page
  • Abstract
  • Table of content
  • Introduction
  • Literature review
  • Methods
  • Results
  • Discussion
  • Conclusion
  • Recommendations
  • Reference
  • Appendices

Stages of a thesis


The abstract includes an overview of the entire thesis, and it is written between 200-300 words. The abstract does not include any citations. Use numbers where suitable. Title information should be repeated. Does the abstract provide the answers to the following questions: what, why, and how did you do it?

Table of content:

It includes all headings and subheadings with page numbers and indents and their subheadings. 


The introduction includes the background of the topic, a summary of present knowledge, and the objective of your research. It also includes the hypotheses of the research.

Literature review:

It includes the opinion of various authors on your research topic. It is also an evaluation of previous research on a similar topic. It should end with a conclusion identifying gaps and remaining problems. Do not be too broad, but also not to narrow.


This part of the thesis explains which method you select and why and what is the outcome of the selected methods.


Results explain the fact of the research. It contains the outcome of the research. It is necessary to mention both positive and negative results. Indicate data on a range of variation. Explain your outcomes into a coherent sentence by using subheadings. 


Discussion includes comments on your results, describe the mean of your results, describe the expected and unexpected results of the research and give reasons for unexpected outcomes. It is necessary that your current result relates to the previous results of the research and mention that questions that remain unanswered.


In conclusion, you mention that the goal of your research has been achieved. You also mention the limitations and provide suggestions for further research. Do not use repetitive words that are used in abstract, discussion and introduction. Explain the strongest point that you have observed from your research.

•    Recommendations:

It includes remedial steps to solve the problems, further research to fill in gaps, and provide directions for future investigation on this or related topics.

•    Acknowledgments:

Advisers who have helped you financially, intellectually, and technically.

•    Reference:

-> Cite all concepts or data that are not your own.

-> All cited reference must be listed.

-> Do not use footnotes.

-> It is acceptable to mention the initials of the individual authors behind their last names.

•    Appendices:

It includes all your research data in the form of an appendix, tables, calculations, list of all equipment used for an experiment, and key article as an appendix.

Length of the thesis:

There is not a fixed length of a thesis. In general length of the thesis is 25-30 pages. It is necessary that only relevant information should be presented in the thesis. Less relevant information and additional information could be shown in the appendix.

Paper Size

The size of the paper that is used for the thesis is 8.5 x 11 inches. It is necessary that real copy of the thesis is written on white acid-free paper. And this paper is available from office supply and union bookstore.


You can use times new roman font to write a thesis, but do not use Calibri or Arial font. It should be typed on an electric printed from a computer. Marcatura laser prezzi is suitable for thesis because other printers suitable as long as the print gave is an even line density.


Leave a 1-inch margin at the right side and leave a 1.5 margin on the left side of the paper, the top and the bottom.

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