Types of Law

What are the Different Types of Law in the World?

Every citizen has been given several rights. Law is a fundamental part of the legal in the constitution. A constitution is a basic law of the state providing the rules by which the state is governed setting out the rights and responsibilities of the states and citizens. 

Law is mainly a set of rules which might be created and enforced by a particular country or community by a social or governmental institution to regulate the actions of its members. India has federal legislation, i.e., based mostly on the parliamentary legislature, court laws, and customary and non-secular laws. The Indian judicial system is developed by judges’ decisions, orders, and judgments.

In this blog, We’ll discuss the different types of law in the world.

Let’s begin,

What is law?

Law is a structure of rules that society and government develop to deal with crime, business agreements, and social relationships. A body of rules of action is determined by controlling authority and secured legal force.

Types of Law

  1. Criminal Law
  2. Civil Law
  3. Common-Law
  4. Statutory Law
  5. Employment Law
  6. Family Law
  7. Human rights Law
  8. Intellectual Property Law
  9. Media Law
  10. Tort Law

Criminal Law

Criminal law is the form of law that defines criminal injury, regulates appreciation, charges, and trials of a suspected person, and fixes penalties and modes of treatment applicable to convicted criminals.

The criminal is only one of the tools by which organized societies protect the security of individual interest and ensure the group’s survival. Family, school, and religion initiated the standards of conduct, the office, and factory; the regulation of civil life enforced by ordinary police powers.

Criminal cases are divided into two types:

  • Felony: It is a punishable crime by imprisonment for longer than one year. Common includes Murder, robbery, treason, and kidnapping.
  • Misdemeanor: It is a crime by imprisonment for a year or less. Common includes Petty theft, driving under the influence, and minor in possession of alcohol.
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Civil Law

Civil law is the part of the law of a state or nation that manages ordinary personal matters, distinct from laws regulating criminal, political and military issues. Examples are a scandal, breach of contract, and property damage. 

In civil cases, punishment always contains a monetary award and never consists of imprisonment, and defendants are not entitled to the same legal protections are as the criminally accused.

Common-Law

Common law is the form of unwritten laws based on legal precedents established by the courts. Common law impacts the decision-making process in unusual cases where the outcome cannot be determined based on existing statutes or written law rules.

Features of common law system:

  • There will be no codified or written constitution always.
  • Judicial decisions made at the highest court can usually be formed only by the same court of law.
  • All that is not specially prohibited by law is permitted.
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Statutory law

Statutory laws are written rules that have been approved by a legislature. Statutory may require specific action, prohibit them, act as a declaration of intention, or layout how the government will work in certain circumstances. Statutes are written laws that are established by enactments expressing the will of the legislature. This comes in the form of bills or acts.

Different types of statutory law are:

  • Declaratory statutes
  • Remedial statutes
  • Temporary statutes
  • Perpetual statutes
  • Affirmative statutes
  • Personal statutes
  • Real statutes

Employment laws

Employment law regulates the connection between employers and employees. It controls what employers can expect from employees, what employers can ask employees to do, and employees’ rights at work. It could refer to everything from your agreement through to laws that safeguard against discrimination and unfair discharge.

What does employment law cover?

  • Age discrimination
  • Bullying and harassment
  • Disability
  • Employment contract
  • Equal pay
  • Parental leave
  • Minimum wage

Family law

Family law refers to the law regulating the family relationship, including marriage and divorce, treatment of the children, and related financial matters. 

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Why is family law important?

Family laws layout and protect the rights and responsibilities of a family member across a wide range of situations. It is designed to provide a basis for achieving fair and impartial results for all family members, whether adults or children.

Human rights law

Human rights are basic rights, and freedoms belong to every person in the world, from birth until death. These rights are built on dignity, fairness, equality, respect, and independence.

How do human rights help you?

  • Your rights have expressed your own opinions.
  • You have the right to an education.
  •  Right to private and family life.
  • You have the right not to be wrongly punished by the state.

Intellectual property law

Intellectual property law is concerned with laws to protect and enforce the rights of the creators and owners of invention, writing, music, design, and other works, known as intellectual property. There are several areas of intellectual property, including copyrights, trademarks, patents, and trade secrets.

  • Copyright law: It protects the right of creators in their work in fine arts, publishing, entertainment, and computer software. This law protects the work owner if others copy or display the owner’s work without permission.
  • Trademark law: Trademark owners can prevent others from using their marks or marks which they involved similar so that customers would not be able to recognize the origin. Federal and state laws control trademarks, but the Lahman act is the primary source of trademark protection.
  • Patent law: It grants protection for an innovation which can be products, processes, or design, and provides an implementation for protection of the invention. The patent law promotes sharing new development with others to foster innovation.
  • Trade secrets: They are practices, formulas, designs, or processes used in a business, designed specifically to provide a competitive advantage to a company.

Media law

Media law is a legal field related to the telecommunication industry’s legal regulation, information technology, broadcasting, and entertainment.

Tort law

Tort law is the huge majority of the legal system that derives from them; any instance of harmful behavior such as physical attacks on one person or with the use and enjoyment of one land, economic interest, reputation, and privacy.

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What is the difference between civil law and the common law legal system?

Civil lawCommon law
It is not always a written constitution or tabulated laws.There is generally a written constitution based on specific codes.
Judicial decisions are binding.Only legislative enactment is considered binding for all.
There is extensive freedom of contract.It is a significant influence in some civil law jurisdictions.
Everything is permitted that is not distinctly prohibited by law.More limited- a number of provisions implied by law into contractual relationships.

Which law courses are best?

UG law courses:

  • LLB.- Bachelor courses of law
  • LLB. (Hons.)- Bachelor of legislative law(honors)
  • BBA+LLB.- Bachelor of business administration & Bachelor of legislative law
  • B.Sc+LLB. – Bachelor of Science & Bachelor of legislative of law
  • B.S.L+LLB. – Bachelor of social, legal science & Bachelor of legislative of law.

PG law courses:

  • LLM.- Masters of law 
  • LLM.(business law)- Master of legislative law in business law.
  • LLM.- Master of law in Criminal law.
  • LLM. (Energy law)- Master of law in energy law.
  • LLM. (human rights)- Master of law in human rights.

Diploma Law courses:

  • Diploma in criminal law
  • Diploma in business law
  • Diploma in cyber law
  •  Diploma in labor law
  • Diploma in taxation law

Certificate Law courses:

  • Certificate courses in cyber law
  • Certificate in corporate law
  • Certificate course in business law
  • Certificate course in consumer protection
  • Certificate course in human rights.

Conclusion

We discussed the different types of laws and many courses and degrees of law. Some rules and regulations need to be set to sustain justice and equality in society. We have proper law in our society that tells us how to interact with people. It accommodates people with different cultures, backgrounds, and means to live in harmony with each other. Our constitution has civil law, criminal law, human rights law, etc, we can choose one of them to study the law. 

Now, we hope that you have understood the types of law. And if you need Law Assignment Help, then feel free to contact us.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQs)

What are the four types of law?

They are divided into four kinds: eternal law, natural law, human law, and divine law.

What are the five types of laws in the United States?

In the United States, the law is derived from five sources: constitutional law, statutory law, treaties, administrative regulation, and common law.

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