Branches of Statistics

Statistics can be broadly categorized into two main branches: descriptive statistics and inferential statistics. These branches are interconnected and form the foundation of statistical analysis.

Descriptive Statistics

Descriptive statistics involves organizing, summarizing, and presenting data in a meaningful way.

Inferential Statistics

Inferential statistics involves drawing conclusions or making predictions about a population based on a sample.

Probability Theory

Probability theory is the foundation of statistics. It deals with the study of randomness and uncertainty.


Biostatistics applies statistical methods to biological and medical data.

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Econometrics combines statistical techniques with economic theory to analyze economic data.

Social Statistics

Social statistics focuses on the collection, analysis, and interpretation of social data.

Bayesian Statistics

Bayesian statistics is a branch of statistics that incorporates prior knowledge and beliefs into statistical analysis.

Multivariate Analysis

Multivariate analysis deals with the analysis of data involving multiple variables.

Time Series Analysis

Time series analysis involves the study of data collected over time.

Experimental Design

Experimental design is concerned with planning, conducting, and analyzing controlled experiments.

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