Directions: Please answer the following shot essay questions. Each question should have a 1 to 2 page response that addresses the questions. Remember to support your work with APA references and in-text citations. Please use proper APA format. Please visit the Academic Resource Center for concise APA guidelines. Briefly describe the notions of reciprocity and indirect reciprocity and their role in motivating moral behavior. Illustrate your response with an example from criminal justice. Briefly describe what is meant by the term, “human universal,” providing at least two examples. Briefly discuss the notion of a “fair” social contract, utilizing your response to critically assess inequalities of race, class, and gender that are common in the contemporary United States. Define and briefly explore the notion of strong reciprocity, including some consideration for the role of altruistic punishment. Briefly discuss what is meant by a "reversible solution." Briefly discuss what is implied by the notion of “moral development.” Briefly summarize Kohlberg’s three levels of moral development, illustrating your answer where appropriate.