Robotic Arms or Manipulators are used extensively in a number of industries e.g. manufacturing, testing, maintenance, exploration. These robot arms are electro-mechanical systems that replicate the articulated motion of human arms. In certain cases this technology is used in prosthesis development for limb replacement. This assignment involves the development of a simulation of a position control system for a robotic arm. Firstly, background information is provided, followed by the problem specification for the assignment simulation.
The development of robotic arms started in the manufacturing industries where the repetitive processes involved in production of goods (e.g. cars) required increased precision and articulation. Unfortunately, these increases could not be achieved through human workers and programmable robot arms or manipulators were created (see Figure 1).