Are you interested in knowing about some key differences between R vs SPSS? If yes, then you are at the right place. R vs SPSS is always a big concern among the students. In this blog, we will tell you about R vs SPSS in detail. After reading this blog, you will get a clear idea of which is the best one for you among R and SPSS.

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Before starting our discussion on R vs SPSS, let’s see the basic overview of these terms. So, let’s get started.

## What is R Programming Language?

R is a programming language and analytics tool created by Robert Gentleman and Ross Ihaka at the University of Auckland, New Zealand, in 1993. Software programmers, statisticians, data scientists, and data miners all utilise it extensively. It is one of the most often used data analytics tools in business analytics and data analytics.

It has a wide range of applications in fields such as healthcare, academia, consulting, finance, journalism, and many more. Its widespread use in statistics, data visualisation, and machine learning have increased the demand for R-certified people.

## What is SPSS?

SPSS is an abbreviation for “Statistical Package for the Social Sciences.” It is the tool of IBM. This tool was initially introduced in 1968. This is a single piece of software. This software is mostly used for statistical data analysis.

SPSS is primarily utilised in healthcare, marketing, and educational research, as well as by market researchers, survey firms, data miners, health researchers, government, education researchers, marketing organisations, and others.

It analyses data for descriptive statistics, numerical result forecasts, and group identification. This programme also includes data processing, charting, and direct marketing functions for efficient data management.

### R vs SPSS : Companies Which Use

R | SPSS |

## R vs SPSS: The Key Differences

There are so many differences in between R vs SPSS, and some of them that are the important ones are the following which are shown below:

- R is an open source free software, and the R community is very quick to update the software by adding new libraries regularly. The most recent stable version of R is 3.5. IBM SPSS is not free; if you want to utilise SPSS software, you must first obtain the trial version. Due to the cost-effectiveness of SPSS, most start-ups choose R software.
- R is written in Fortran, and C. R offers more object-oriented programming capabilities than SPSS, while SPSS’s graphical user interface is based in Java. Its primary used for interactive and statistical analysis.
- R does not give many techniques for statistical analysis decision trees, and most R packages can only implement Classification & Regression Tree, and they don’t have a user-friendly interface. On the other hand, Decision trees in IBM SPSS outperform R because R lacks a wide range of tree techniques or algorithms. The SPSS interface for decision trees is highly user-friendly, comprehensible, and simple to use.
- R’s analytical tool is less interactive than SPSS’s, although its editors are accessible to provide GUI assistance for R programming. Analytics R is the ideal tool for studying and practising hands-on analytics since it truly helps the analyst grasp the many analytics steps as well as commands. Furthermore, the SPSS interface is comparable to that of an Excel spreadsheet.
- Because of the numerous packages available, R provides far more chances to edit and refine graphics. R’s most popular packages are ggplot2 and R shiny. Graphs in R may also be readily made interactive, allowing users to experiment with data. SPSS graphics are not as interactive as those in R, where you can only make basic and simple graphs or charts. Data handling in R and SPSS is nearly the same. One significant disadvantage of R is that most of its functions must load all of the data into memory before execution, whereas SPSS includes data management capabilities such as sorting, aggregating, transposition, and table merger.

## R vs SPSS: In Tabular Form

The table below is a comparison table of R vs SPSS

Basis Of Comparison | R | SPSS |

Easy To Learn | R is a simply open-source programming language. And one can improve their mastery of the language. | SPSS is also simple to learn as it has an interface that is a similar one to MS Excel spreadsheets. The only disadvantage is that it is not available freely to users. |

Documentation | R has described documentation records that are easily available or accessible. And also, it is considered to be the most powerful open-source communities. | Because of its limited usage, SPSS lacks documentation features. |

Platform/Updates | R is made out or written in Fortran and C. It is capable of more advanced object-oriented coding than other statistical computing languages. | SPSS GUI is made out of Java and mostly uses statistical analysis and interactive features. |

Data Management | R has a significant drawback in that certain functions must be stored in memory prior to implementation, which might impose a specific restriction on the quantities handled. | In terms of data management, IBM SPSS is identical to R. It provides table functions such as sorting, aggregation, transposition, and merging. |

User Interface | It is made up of less interactive analytical equipment. Compilers are still available to provide GUI assistance while developing in R. It is the finest device for hands-on practise and studying analytics since it guides the analyst through the numerous analytics commands as well as steps. | It offers a more dynamic and user-friendly interface. SPSS displays data in a spreadsheet-like style. |

Decision-Making | R does not have a variety of decision tree algorithms. CART (Classification and Regression Tree) may be executed by several R packages, however, its interface is not considered user-friendly. | SPSS is far superior to R for decision trees since it provides fewer algorithms. The SPSS interface is said to be simple and easy to use. |

Visualization | Because of the wide range of projects offered, it offers additional opportunities to optimise and modify charts. ggplot2 is the most widely used R module. These charts are easily constructed, allowing programmers to manipulate the data. | The graphical capabilities of SPSS are entirely practical. However, it is possible to make minor changes to the chart in order to personalise the charts and visualisations in SPSS. |

Cost | It is open-source software with an active community for software updates through the combination of new libraries. | SPSS is not accessible for free. If the user wishes to learn more about SPSS, they can utilise the trial version. |

## Conclusion

In this blog, we have discussed R vs SPSS. And, for the students to understand the essential differences between the terms R vs SPSS is very helpful. You can select anyone from them on the basis of your requirements. We hope that you have got a clear idea about it. But in any case you think that you need our help then you can contact us. We are always ready to help you.

## FAQ’s Related To R vs SPSS

**Is SPSS better than R?**

SPSS is more better than R for decision trees as it doesn’t give the various algorithms. And the interface of the SPSS is considered to be user-friendly as well as understandable.

On the other hand, R has documentation records that are described ones and are very quickly accessible. And the community of R is considered to be the one of the most powerful and strong open-source communities.

**Why is R so good for statistics?**

R is good for statistics as its syntax makes easy to create the statistical models that are complex ones with the code of just a few lines.