According to the course text, learning is defined as a “relatively permanent change in behavior that is brought about by experience” (Feldman, 2015, p. 168). By following the scientific process, psychologists have made great strides in understanding how y

psychology

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According to the course text, learning is defined as a “relatively permanent change in behavior that is brought about by experience” (Feldman, 2015, p. 168). By following the scientific process, psychologists have made great strides in understanding how you learn. Pavlov’s seminal experiment introduced the idea of classical conditioning-learning that occurs when you learn to link two or more stimuli and anticipate events. Classical conditioning paved the way for behaviorism. Operant conditioning, like classical conditioning, is another form of associative learning. Operant conditioning is a type of learning in which behavior isencouraged if followed by a reinforcer and decreased if followed by punishment. Both classical conditioning and operant conditioning occur every day, though you are probably not used to examining how you learn in these technical terms. For this week’s Discussion, you will have the opportunity to practice your understanding by creating examples of classical conditioning and operant conditioning “in real life.” This week you will be discussing the concepts of classical conditioning and operant conditioning. Please choose if you would like to apply these learning theories to humans or animals. Be sure that your thread subject line identifies which topic you are posting about (e.g., “Human” or “Animal”) Human: Classical Conditioning Post by Day 3 a response to the following: Think about someone with a specific fear or phobia. Explain how classical conditioning can explain how the fear or phobia developed. Give an example and explain your answer. Include a description of the neutral stimulus (NS), unconditioned stimulus (UCS), conditioned stimulus (CS), unconditioned response (UCR), and conditioned response (CR) in relation to your example. AND Operant Conditioning Post by Day 3 a response to the following: Imagine you are a supervisor at work. How can you use operant conditioning to change an employee’s attendance, customer service, or other behavior? Include a description of how you would use either positive or negative reinforcement to increase the frequency of a desirable behavior. Also, include a description of how you would use punishment to decrease the frequency of an undesirable behavior. Animal Training Do you own a pet? Call to mind some of your pet’s behaviors or desired behaviors. Classical Conditioning Post by Day 3 a response to the following: Explain how classical conditioning could explain an association your pet has learned. (e.g., The sound of a can opener associated with a meal.) Describe your example and include a description of the neutral stimulus (NS), the unconditioned stimulus (UCS), conditioned stimulus (CS), unconditioned response (UCR), and conditioned response (CR) in relation to your example. AND Operant Conditioning Post by Day 3 a response to the following: Explain how operant conditioning could be used to teach your pet a trick or change your pet’s behavior. Include a description of how you would use either positive or negative reinforcement to increase the frequency of a desirable behavior. Also, include a description of how you would use punishment to decrease the frequency of an undesirable behavior. Response Instructions: Support your reply to a colleagues’ assignment post with at least one reference (textbook or other scholarly, empirical resources). You may state your opinion and/or provide personal examples; however, you must also back up your assertions with evidence (including in-text citations) from the source and provide a reference. Respond by Day 5 in one or more of the following ways: Ask a probing question and provide insight into how you would answer your question and why. Ask a probing question and provide the foundation, or rationale, for the question. Expand on your colleague’s posting by offering a new perspective or insight. Agree with a colleague and offer additional (new) supporting information for consideration. Disagree with a colleague by respectfully discussing and supporting a different perspective. Refer to the Discussion Rubric, located in the Course Information area, for details on how this discussion will be graded. Note: You are required to complete your initial post before you will be able to view and respond to your colleague's postings. After clicking on the “Post to Discussion Question” link, select “Create Thread” to create your initial post.

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