Modern Technological advances and accessibility to the Internet have led to an increase in online learning compared with traditional learning environments.

psychology

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Online learning environments and its effect on Self efficacy, Motivation and Anxiety Levels

Modern Technological advances and accessibility to the Internet have led to an increase in online learning compared with traditional learning environments. Online learning offers learning experiences with technology, which provides accessibility, connectivity, flexibility, and ability to promote interactions among learners. As the number of online-learning users continues to increase, there is a need to understand how students can best apply learning strategies to achieve academic success within the online environment. Self-efficacy is the belief in one’s capabilities to organize and execute the requisite actions required to produce particular results.

Beliefs about self-efficacy determine level of motivation as reflected in the amount of effort exerted in an effort and the time devoted to a challenging situation. If persons have a low level of self-efficacy toward a task, they are less likely to exert effort and accomplish the task. Research findings have demonstrated that self-efficacy is a better predictor of academic achievement than other cognitive or affective processes. Therefore, self-efficacy is critical to learning and performance. Student self-efficacy seems particularly important in challenging learning environments, such as an online learning one where students lack opportunities to interact with others and as a result can become socially isolated. Also, the drop-out rate among students in online learning environments is higher than that in traditional learning environments. Drop-out rate also related with a lack of self-efficacy.

Understanding self-efficacy in online learning is critical to improving online education, which can be a key component of academic success in distance education. However, the focuses of the previous studies were mostly on the situation of self-efficacy in online learning. There have been very few works analysing factors effecting correlating variables such as self-efficacy and trait anxiety levels. As a result, this quantitative study aims to examine the relationships within the variables being self-efficacy, motivation and trait anxiety levels in the online learning environment.

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