The Quality of Life for People Living with HIV in Saudi Arabia

general article writing

Description

The Quality of Life for People Living with HIV in Saudi Arabia


Abstract

Background: A total of 7,331.0 HIV/AIDS cases were reported in Saudi Arabia from 1984 to

2001 of which 21.30% of the HIV cases were reported in Saudi citizens [1]. The latest report on

HIV cases revealed that a total of 10,217 new HIV cases in Saudi kingdom were reported

between 2000 and 2009 [1]. The purpose of this study was to examine the quality of Life for

people living with HIV in Saudi Arabia. It also determined the effect of HIV and AIDS on the

quality of life (QoL) in Saudi Arabia. HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) is a main public

health, economic, and social problem resulting in stigma, morbidity, and mortality. As HIV

evolves to a chronic and terminal disease, the quality of life of people living with HIV in Saudi

Arabia becomes an important and prominent patient reported outcome measure in HIV/AIDS

care among people living with HIV. Literature explores impacts of HIV and AIDS on the quality

of life for people living with HIV as well as diverse factors or determinants that influence the

quality of life (QoL) for People Living with HIV; however, currently no studies exists about the

Quality of Life for People Living with HIV in Saudi Arabia. Thus, in this study an up-to-date

and evidence-based overview of the quality of life (QoL) for people living with HIV in Saudi

Arabia.

Methods: All the research studies published between 2013 and 2016 that evaluates or examines

the quality of life for people living with HIV in different nations, were considered in this

narrative study. The Cochrane Library, PubMed, and Web of Science were consulted using the

keywords "quality of life", ‘HIV’ /‘AIDS", "Saudi Arabia". For inclusion criteria, research

studies must have reported mental or physical health and general health scores of people living

with HIV on a validated tool and conducted multivariable regression analyses to examine the

quality of life for people living with HIV using the HRQoL instrument.

Results: A total of 35 studies were included and analyzed in this review. Furthermore, the

studies include and they used a variety of quality of life (QoL) or HRQoL tools. Medical

Outcomes variants or determinants , Medical Outcomes Study-HIV, Multi-dimensional QoL


Questionnaire, Services Utilization and HIV Cost Study measure, HIV/AIDS targeted QoL

instruments, Practical Assessment of Infection of Human Immunodeficiency Virus, evaluation of

effect of HIV and AIDS on the quality of life (QoL), Overview of HIV Problems Assessment

System, Fanning Quality of Life scale, EuroQol, PRO-QOL-HIV and Health Index. The

determinants examined in this reviewwere thematically divided into psychosocial aspects of life

including medical care, the mental health and social relationships as well as behavioral or

psychological factors. Psychosocial aspects of life such as medical care, the mental health and

social relationships, social or health status, depression, adherence to antiretroviral therapy and

social support were most consistently and most frequently reported to be related with quality of

life (QoL) among individuals living with HIV.

Instruction Files

Related Questions in general article writing category


Disclaimer
The ready solutions purchased from Library are already used solutions. Please do not submit them directly as it may lead to plagiarism. Once paid, the solution file download link will be sent to your provided email. Please either use them for learning purpose or re-write them in your own language. In case if you haven't get the email, do let us know via chat support.