Task: Write a seven-sentence outline
for the rhetorical analysis . Write only these seven (7) sentences:
1 x thesis sentence
3 x body paragraph topic sentences
3 x evidence sentences to accompany each of
your topic sentences
Marking Rubric: Introduction thesis
sentence: [2 marks] [e.g., In “X O X”, Joe Smith (2020) uses…]
Body paragraph #1 topic sentence: [1 mark]
evidence sentence: quoted/paraphrased and
cited evidence from the article [1 mark] [e.g., Smith explains, for example,
that “XXXX is YYYY”
(para. 2).] Body paragraph #2 topic sentence:
[1 mark] evidence sentence [1 mark]
paragraph #3 topic sentence: [1 mark] evidence sentence [1 mark] Grammar
(complete and correct sentences):
marks] thesis sentence = .5 body paragraph sentences = 6 x .25 / 10 total marks
Byline: Mark Kingwell
Mark Kingwell's latest book is On Risk.
'Everybody has a plan until they get hit,"
boxer Mike Tyson said. "Then, like a rat, they stop in fear and
freeze." The stocky pugilist took to biting ears rather than punching them
as his singular career wound down, but his comprehensive wisdom must be
When life throws punches, plans fold, and bites
start to look good.
We've all been punched in the face this past year,
and our best laid plans have gone sideways. I hope we're not resorting to
But as we shift from cancelled Thanksgivings and
forced online classes to a discontented winter of new closings and maybe
lockdowns, we have to pause and reflect on how we think about risk and our
relationship to it.
Planning is never about our own levels of personal
tolerance. Risk always has ethical and political implications. You may enjoy
extreme sports that court physical danger, or bet on unlikely startup companies
and lowprobability poker hands, partly for the thrill and partly for the rush
of potential success.
You may just walk into traffic for the fun of it.
Winning against the odds is perhaps the best
feeling humans are party to, when venture and likelihood collide to resounding
Taking chances is thus both the best and the worst
of human behaviour. Without risk takers among us, we'd dwindle and die in
complacency and settled ways. But too much confidence takes the basic quality
of boldness, as Aristotle said, from the lack we call timidity to the extreme
we condemn as rashness. As ever, hitting the mean is everything: Courage is a
matter of knowing when and how to take chances, especially when we're afraid
De l'audace, encore l'audace, toujours l'audace -
"audacity, more audacity, and ever more audacity" - is a slogan that
may sound good on the eve of battle, or at a singles bar, especially when
articulated by Frederick the Great, Napoleon, George Patton or your
But when you get kicked around at Kunersdorf,
Waterloo, Fort Driant, or, I don't know, Hooters, it can just look dumb. Field
marshal Helmuth von Moltke, in a more sober tactical vein, said this: "No
battle plan survives contact with the enemy."
The current enemy is everywhere; there are no fixed
lines of battle. As the weather warmed this summer, we sought a return to the
breezy hinterland of 2019.
Many shopped, gathered, exercised, worshipped and
travelled as if nothing had really changed.
Some people even denied there was any risk out
there. The pandemic was fake news, or it would somehow be over by November, or
it was a blessing that could be survived like the common cold or a mild bout
That last delusion is in fact a symptom of
affluenza: the nonphysical disease that afflicts people with more money (and so
more tests, drugs and resources) than sense. The pandemic is still undeniably
upon us, statistically getting worse since August. Our own failure to
understand risk is now itself a risk factor in public health.
Four structural things to note.
First, humans are bad at assessing chances. From
air travel or swimming with sharks to home improvements or lottery tickets, we
mostly have a poor grasp of probability. This is not surprising: We're bad at a
lot of other basically rational things, too, such as logic in arguments or
calculating our own economic self-interest. So we overestimate some fears and
dangerously underestimate others. We're not smart.