Do you know that C++ and Python are the best programming languages, in the world? These are two different languages that have different behaviors and different features. The most common similarity between both them is strong support for OOPs (object-oriented programming).
The main use of C++ is – game programming, operating systems, developing browsers, data structures, software engineering, applications, etc. On the other hand, Python is the first choice for non-technical students because of its ease of learning.
Well, if I need to compare both programming languages (C++ vs Python) then I’ll say you must first understand both languages’ concepts. So, where to know about these languages? Nowhere but here. Today, I’m going to answer all the questions that you might be seeking to get answered.
So, without confusing you, let’s dive into the world of programming languages’ concepts.
Table of Contents
C++ is one of the most popular and widely used general-purpose programming languages. It is used to develop complex systems where the hardware level coding requires. But C++ is not portable like other high-level programming languages.
You need to compile the C++ code every time if you want to run it on another machine. It is having a lot of similarities with the C language. Bjarne Stroustrup developed C++ in late 1979. It is one of the most powerful high-level programming languages. Most of the programmers call it “C with classes.”
Uses of C++
- When we talk about hardware-level coding, then C++ is the first choice of the developers. It is used to produce almost every embedded system. e.g., smartwatches, stopwatches, multimedia systems in automobiles, electric cars systems, IoT devices, etc.
- We can also develop servers and the high-performance microcontroller programs. Microcontroller programs can be found in factories.
- Game development is the key to C++. That is the reason C++ is becoming more popular among game developers. We can create 3D games, multiplayer, and many more types of games using C++. One of the leading game development framework Unity is also written in C++.
- C++ is also used to create the compiler for other programming languages. Did you know that almost every programming language compilers are created with the help of C++.
Advantages of C++
Here are the following advantages of C++.
C++ provides this feature of portability that allows us to develop codes. C++ helps us to move the program from one platform to another.
Mid-level Programming Language
It is a mid-programming level language. We can use it as a low-level and high-level language as well. Furthermore, High-level language helps to develop desktop applications and games, on the other hand, low-level language features help to make kernels and drivers.
The biggest advantage of c++ programming languages are OOP concepts like polymorphism, encapsulation, inheritance, and abstraction.
C++ supports Dynamic Memory Allocation. It helps to free and allocate memory. Furthermore, there is no garbage collection, the programmer has total control over memory management.
Similar to Other Languages
Well, the syntax is similar to other languages like C, C#, and Java.
Python is the most powerful general-purpose programming language. It is widely used in machine learning in Big Data technologies. Python was created in late 1991 by Guido van Rossum, the dutch programmer. It is the only programming language in the world that has the best code readability. When the Python was created, it was built with the motive to make its programming most straightforward than any programming language.
Python code depends on the indentation apart from the complex structure. Apart from that Python is an interpreted language. It means that python code needs not to be converted into machine language at the runtime. Did you know that Python still ranks among the simplest programming language in the world.
It is quite close to pseudocode. Therefore its code is quite readable and beautiful. Moreover, it has plenty of libraries that make it extremely powerful. The popularity of Python is making it the most desirable language in the current industry.
Uses of Python
- Python is widely used with machine learning. In other words, Python code is compatible with machine learning. Thus the program created with Python has the capabilities of machine learning. In contrast, it is helping in various industries such as retail, banking, aerospace, and many more. It helps in getting useful insight into the business to make plans.
- When it comes to data analyst, their first choice is Python programming language. The reason is that Python has the ability to manage the massive amount of data with ease and cost-effective way. Data analysts use it to analyze the data and statistical information.
- Web developers also use Python for developing the most complex web application. Python offers the Django framework. You can also create the entire sites using Python, but it is quite challenging to do.
- Python is also useful in Big data technologies. Most of the significant data functions can be performed using Python programming.
Advantages of Python
Follow the below-given information to know the advantages of python.
Simple to use and understandable
It is very easy to use and understand. Python’s basics can be executed faster than other programming languages because of its simplicity.
Free and Open-Source
An open-source licence approved by the OSI for Python. Furthermore, users can work on it and distribute it. Users can download the source code, modify it, and also distribute their Python version.
Python includes a large number of libraries that the user can use.
Other languages demand that users change their code to run the program on other platforms including C/C++. But Python is not similar to other programming languages. It only needs to be written once, and after that, you can run your program anywhere.
It is known as interpreted language because it implements the code line by line. This is the feature that makes it simple and easy to use.
11+ Main Difference Between C Plus Plus Vs Python
These are the following differences between C Plus Plus Vs Python. It is such as;
|C++ is a general-purpose high-level language.
|Python is an object-oriented programming language.
|2. Complex Syntax
|It has a more complex syntax.
|It has a less complex syntax.
|C++ is a compiled programming language.
|Python is an interpreted programming language.
|4. Source Code
|Through the compiler, it easily changes the source code into machine code.
|The Python source code is easier to maintain.
|It has high performance.
|It has low performance.
|Not easy to write code.
|Easier to write code.
|Difficult to install
|8. Speed of execution
|C++ is a faster object-oriented language.
|It is a slower OPPs.
|9. Nature of language
|It is statically typed.
|Python is dynamically typed.
|C++ is difficult to maintain.
|On the other hand, it is easier to maintain.
|11. Simplicity and usability
|It is hard to learn and is used in a low-level application.
|It is easy and used for machine learning or web applications.
|12. Syntax complexity
|Uses blocks and semicolons.
|No blocks or semicolons.
|13. Rapid prototyping
|14. Good For
|Enterprise or embedded applications
11+ Key differences Between C++ vs Python
These are the main differences between C++ Vs. Python.
C++ is using a predefined structure to write the code in it. It means that whenever you do start coding in C++, you need to follow the structure. Therefore the code written in C++ becomes more lengthy than Python. But wait C++ offers fast prototyping features.
With this feature, you can code in C++ with a rapid pace. On the other hand, Python doesn’t have a predefined structure. Therefore you can write simple code in Python and make your code much shorter.
C++ is using the compiler for the compilation of the code. Thus it does not allow you to run the same code on other machines or operating systems. If you want to run the same program on different computers. Then you need to compile the program on other machines to run it.
On the other hand, Python uses the interpreter to run the code. Therefore you can run the Python program on almost every computer or operating system. But the Python should be installed on the computer.
Ease of learning
C++ is quite complicated when it comes to learning. It has lots of predefined syntaxes and structure. On the other hand, Python is close to plain English. Therefore it is easier to learn. C++ is worked very close to the hardware; therefore, a wrong C++ program can destroy the entire system. If we talk about the compile steps, then Python has the number of compile steps depends on the length and functions of the code.
But on the other hand, Python has zero compile steps. You can run the Python code by simply typing the name of the program with .py extension. As a beginner, you can find the best community support for Python because Python has the largest community than any other programming language.
You can also find the documentation of Python on its official sites. If you face any problem using Python then you can directly ask for help in its community. On the other hand, C++ doesn’t have well-written documentation. But it has the community to solve the issues of the programmers.
It is the key to every programming language. Speed matters a lot when it comes to real-time systems. Nowadays, lots of industries are working on real-time systems. Therefore the language has to be fast to run the real-time systems. C++ is faster than Python. Python is slower because it is also written in C language.
Memory management is quite complex in C++. It allows you to allocate the memory to the new variables and also deallocate the memory from the variable when it is no longer requires in the code. If you don’t do the same, then there are also the chances of memory leak in C++. Because C++ doesn’t support the garbage collection.
On the other hand, there is no need to allocate and deallocate memory in Python. Because Python does it on its own, it does the memory management job with the memory allocation feature.
C++ code readability is weak as compared with Python. The reason is C++ has a lot of syntaxes that are entirely overwhelming when it comes to readability. C++ also lacks the indentation rules. Thus the code is like garbage in some points.
On the other hand, Python has more English like syntax. It allows the indentation rules; thus, the programmer can keep track of every opened bracket. Let’s explain the readability with the help of a simple example.
std::cout << “Hello Calltutors!\n”;
If we want to use any data type in C++. Then we need to declare the data type each time we use. Therefore we do have the proper command over when we have declared the datatype. It also becomes less ambiguous that what the code is going to do with the datatype. Thus it is quite easy to find and handle errors in C++.
On the other hand, if we want to write the code in Python, then we need not declare the type of data. Therefore the length of the code becomes shorter and easier to maintain. For example, in C++ code the data type will declare as int a=10, and in Python a=10
C++ is having the features of both the high-level language and low-level language. Thus it is also known as the intermediate level programming language. Apart from that, it also has all the features of the object-oriented programming language.
Some of the top OOPs features of C++ are class, operator overloading, multiple inheritances, exception handling, etc. On the other hand, Python is the most simple and powerful high-level programming language. It has some inbuilt constructor for executing clear code for large and small scale. It is also an object-oriented programming language.
Python vs C++ syntax
C++ has complex syntax as compared with Python. It requires the semicolons and brackets to work. You can’t run the C++ code without using semicolons and brackets.
On the other hand, Python offers a user-friendly approach to code into it. The entire structure of Python programming depends on the code indentation. In other words, we can say that the indentation creates the structure of code in Python. We write an end of the line at the end of the statement that replaces the uses of the semicolon in Python. We can also use the backslash within our code if we do not want to break our line of code. C++ uses the semicolon at the end of each line.
C++ Career opportunity
- Junior Programmer
- Software Developer
- Quality Analyst
- Game Programmer
- Software Developer Engineer
- Programming Architect
- UNIX Shell Scripting
- Backend Developer
- Embedded Engineer
- Database Developer
Career in Python
- Python Developer
- Product Manager
- Data Analyst
- Financial Advisors
- Data Journalist
- Research Analyst
- Data Scientist
- Software Engineer
- Software Developer
Companies using C++
Companies using Python
C++ Vs Python Resources
These are the follow resources of the C++ Vs Python.
- Calltutors, etc.
- Cause Of Memory Leak In Python And How To Fix Them
- Expert Tips On How To Learn Python Fast And Efficiently
- Help With Python Assignment
Conclusion (C++ vs Python)
So, after reading this blog on C++ vs Python, you have understood what C++ is, the syntax of C++, and Python its syntax. You also learned about the uses and Advantages of C++ and Python and the difference between both languages.
If you want to build your career in software development then these languages are best for you. Python is better for beginners because of its easy-to-read code and simple syntax. Moreover, Python is a good option for web development( backend), while C++ is not very popular in web development ( backend).
Finally, I want to say that choose the programming language according to your preference (beginner or advanced level). Both languages have their advantages and disadvantages as well.
We do have both C++ programming experts and Python programming experts. They have plenty of years of experience in their fields. Therefore they can provide you the best C++ programming help and Python coding help. Along with they are also capable of offering you the best C++ assignment help and C++ homework help.
FAQs (C++ Vs Python)
What pays more C++ or Python?
The average salary of C++ developer is $117,000 a year and Python developer is average $109,000 a year.
Is C++ still in demand?
It is a universal language, so it remains in high demand amongst professionals